ACT english practice test 15

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


An Argument for E-Waste Recycling

Drive through any suburb in the U.S. today, and it's hard to miss the bins, that have become companions61 to America's trashcans. Recycling has become62 commonplace, as people recognize the need to care for the environment. Yet most people's recycling consciousness is extending63 only as far as paper, bottles, and cans. People seldom find themselves confronted with64 the growing phenomenon of e-waste.

E-waste proliferates as the techno-fashionable constantly upgrade to the most cutting-edge devices, which65 the majority of them end up in landfills. Activists who track such waste66 estimate that users discarded nearly 2 million tons of TVs, VCRs, computers, cell phones, and other electronics in 2005. Unless we can find a safe alternative, this e-waste may leak into the ground and poison the water with dangerous toxins. Burning the waste also dangerous68 contaminates the air.

Consequently,69 e-waste often contains reusable silver, gold, and other electrical conductors. Recycling these materials reduces environmental impact by70 reducing both landfill waste and the need to mine such metals, which can destroy ecosystems.

A growing number of states have adopted71 laws to prohibit dumping e-waste. Still, less than a quarter of this refuse will reach legitimate recycling programs. Some companies advertising safe disposal in fact merely ship the waste to third-world countries, where it still ends up in landfills.

Nevertheless, the small but growing number of cities and corporations that do handle e-waste responsibly represent progress and a real step forward74 toward making the world a cleaner, better place for us all.

61.

A. NO CHANGE
B. bins that have become companions,
C. bins, which have become companions,
D. bins that have become companions

62.

F. NO CHANGE
G. became
H. becoming
J. becomes

63.

A. NO CHANGE
B. extended
C. had extended
D. extends

64. Which choice would most effectively begin this sentence so that it emphasizes a lack of awareness of this problem?

F. NO CHANGE
G. Many in our communities simply don't realize the dangers of
H. A majority of local governments are assiduously studying
J. Little attention is paid by the people in our neighborhoods to

65.

A. NO CHANGE
B. devices that
C. devices, and
D. devices after

66.

F. NO CHANGE
G. Activists who track such waste,
H. Activists which track such waste
J. Activists, who track such waste,

67. At this point, the writer is considering adding the following phrase to the end of the preceding sentence:

such as lead, mercury, and arsenic

Should the writer add the phrase here?

A. Yes, because it adds specific details clarifying which toxins are leaking.
B. Yes, because it supports the idea that landfills have too much waste.
C. No, because it doesn't specify how dangerous these toxins are.
D. No, because it would be redundant in a paragraph that has already mentioned which toxins e-waste contains.

68.

F. NO CHANGE
G. more dangerous
H. most dangerous
J. dangerously

69.

A. NO CHANGE
B. Particularly,
C. Moreover,
D. However,

70.

F. NO CHANGE
G. impact;
H. impact so,
J. impact of

71.

A. NO CHANGE
B. Adoptions are growing in state
C. States have growingly adopted
D. Growing states have adopted numbers

72. The writer is considering deleting the preceding sentence from this paragraph. Should the sentence be kept or deleted?

F. Kept, because it provides a logical transition between the first and last sentences of the paragraph.
G. Kept, because it provides meaningful statistics.
H. Deleted, because it adds no new information to the paragraph.
J. Deleted, because it would be redundant, given that the next sentence explains that some companies don't recycle.

73. At this point, the author is considering adding the following sentence:

These organizations hamper progress by unsafely disposing of waste in an out-of-sight, out-of-mind location.

Would this be a relevant addition to make here?

A. Yes, because it completes the idea expressed in the preceding sentence.
B. Yes, because it paints such organizations in a negative light.
C. No, because it contradicts the following sentence.
D. No, because it introduces a tangential point.

74.

F. NO CHANGE
G. a real step forward in the progress moving
H. progress
J. real forward-stepping progress

75. At this point, the writer is considering adding the following sentence:

Today, pollution is one of the most dangerous forces threatening our environment, and the government must work to regulate its effects.

Should the writer add this sentence here?

A. Yes, because it adds important details that suggest recycling is not the only concern of environmentalists.
B. Yes, because it provides additional information discussing the impact of recycling programs in urban areas.
C. No, because it digresses from the article's main point about e-waste and related recycling issues.
D. No, because government regulation is a complicated and controversial topic addressed elsewhere in the passage.