ACT english practice test 17

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


A Tale of Two Uncles

[1] As my uncle and I finished our dinners,16 we were hardly saying a word. [2] For the most part, it was a very ordinary birthday celebration.17 [3] After we had my favorite meal, lamb chops, my uncle made me his famous banana split sundae for dessert. [4] Banana splits are best with two scoops of chocolate ice cream, in my opinion. [5] Normally, my uncle would get very excited watching me eat dessert and have me make wishes for the coming year. [6] However, as our spoons clinked around mounds of ice cream and banana, his mood turned sad and soft-spoken. [7] I knew the source of our tension: today was my eighteenth birthday and next month I'd be at boot camp.

He said that joining the army19 he had some strong reservations about me rather than going to college. I told him that I believed my father, who was killed serving in the Polish army, would have been proud of my decision. My uncle responded that my father would have felt even better about me staying out of harm's way. In fact, my uncle continued, the reason that we moved to the United States was so that I would be more protected than I was in Poland. I think my uncle also found it surprising that I would want to join the U.S. army. He often asked me—21why I would risk my life for a country that was not my homeland. I told him that I considered America my new homeland. He was shocked.

[1] He began reminding me of my Polish upbringing. [2] My uncle has as many stories about my childhood than I do.22

[3] He would take me to the local carnival in July. [4] One24?would buy ourselves hotcakes and ride the ferris wheel. [5] When the strawberries came into bloom, we would go hiking in the Tatras mountains. [6] He and I would row canoes and have swimming races from our dock out to a big rock formation and back. [7] At night, we would lie on the porch in the sleeping bags,25 my grandmother had bought, drink cocoa, and listen26 to the chorus of crickets. [8]?My uncle tells27 me ghost stories under the starlit sky.

When my uncle finished reminiscing, I assured him that I still love Poland and will never lose sight of it's29 influence on who I am today. However, America gave my uncle an opportunity when an engineering firm in Pittsburgh offered him a job seven years ago. After we immigrated to America,30 I became exposed to the cultural attitudes, social customs, and economic possibilities of growing up as an American child. My time in America has given me a deep love for it and loyalty to it. As we finished our dessert, I asked my uncle to make peace with my decision to defend Uncle Sam.

16. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would NOT be acceptable?

F. While my uncle and I finished dinner,
G. My uncle and I were almost finished eating, but
H. My uncle and I finished our dinners, however,
J. As my uncle and I were finishing our dinners,

17.

A. NO CHANGE
B. celebration, just like always.
C. celebration with nothing abnormal.
D. celebration and traditional.

18. Which of the following sentences is LEAST relevant to the theme of the passage and could therefore be deleted?

F. Sentence 2
G. Sentence 3
H. Sentence 4
J. Sentence 6

19. The best place for the underlined portion would be:

A. where it is now.
B. after the word reservations.
C. after the word me.
D. after the word than.

20. If the writer were to delete the phrase "who was killed serving in the Polish army" (and the surrounding commas) from the preceding sentence, the paragraph would primarily lose:

F. nothing, since this information is mentioned elsewhere in the paragraph.
G. evidence that the narrator's father was considered a brave man.
H. a necessary detail that supports the logical flow of ideas in the paragraph.
J. an explanation of why the narrator is unwilling to join the Polish army.

21.

A. NO CHANGE
B. me,
C. me
D. me:

22.

F. NO CHANGE
G. as I do.
H. then I do.
J. DELETE the underlined portion.

23. At this point, the writer is thinking of adding the following sentence:

Different cities in Poland host carnivals during different months of the year.

Should the writer make this addition here?

A. Yes, because it relates to the essay's topic of celebration rituals in different cultures.
B. Yes, because it gives the reader crucial background information about the narrator's cultural upbringing.
C. No, because it offers information that does not help to preserve the focus of this paragraph.
D. No, because it reiterates a detail that is mentioned elsewhere in the passage.

24.

F. NO CHANGE
G. You
H. We
J. They

25.

A. NO CHANGE
B. bags
C. bags;
D. bags, that

26.

F. NO CHANGE
G. drank cocoa, and listen
H. drank cocoa, and listened
J. drink cocoa, and listening

27.

A. NO CHANGE
B. has told
C. would tell
D. was telling

28. Upon reviewing this paragraph and noticing that some information has been omitted, the author composes the following sentence, using that information:

Sometimes, in the warm months of the fall, my uncle rented a rustic vacation home on Lake Drawsko.

For the sake of the logic of this paragraph, this sentence should be placed after Sentence:

F. 4
G. 5
H. 6
J. 7

29.

A. NO CHANGE
B. its'
C. its
D. their

30. Given that all of the choices are accurate, which one provides the most effective and logical transition from the preceding sentence to this one?

F. NO CHANGE
G. Pittsburgh being the biggest city in Pennsylvania,
H. He is a very well-respected engineer, and
J. Although I have visited Philadelphia, Pittsburgh is where