ACT english practice test 18

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


Not the Same Old Song and Dance

After graduating from college, I decided to test my International Studies degree by living and working in China. I had studied31 only a year of Mandarin Chinese at university, so I struggled with adaptation early on. I poured myself into work at first, finding that enduring the same 12-hour workdays as several of my Chinese coworkers was just as difficult as to adapt32 to Chinese culture. All the while, at the same time,33 I slowly taught myself more Chinese with a language CD and forced myself to interact at local places like restaurants and markets. The easiest way to adapt, however, had been right under my nose34 the entire time.

All I had to do was spend time with my coworkers outside of work. My project team had already taken a quickly liking of35 me, and I had been invited to several functions. I hadn't accepted yet out of fear of being unable to communicate, but my feelings of guilt at having turned down so many kind invitations eventually outweighed that fear. When disappointed in myself,36 I acquiesced one night, knowing this would be an important step in learning the Chinese way of life. The ensuing night would prove to be quite memorable and unforgettable.37

We began the evening with dinner. I proudly requested to order since I had learned quite a lot of food vocabulary. Everyone seemed surprised,38 and impressed by the variety of dishes I could order. Our post-dinner destination was a karaoke house (KTV), a very popular form of entertainment in China. The karaoke took place in a private room with just our group. The experience was accompanied by embarrassment as40 karaoke often is, but mine did not come from singing.

When one girl refused to sing a song I had chosen, I decided to playfully chant to her the songs number41 on the screen. The number was thirty-eight, but I chanted only three and eight, something which can be understood easily in English but is not common in Chinese. What I failed to realize was that the Chinese words for three and eight, when used as slang, can also mean crazy. Since my Chinese friends were not accustomed to number shortening, they could only assume I had just unreasonably insulted our female coworker. After much confusion and a difficult explanation on my part, the matter was resolved, and everyone had a good laugh over it. A valuable lesson was certainly learned by me43 about differences in slang. This experience was the first of many cultural lessons I would learn by simply being social in a foreign environment.45

31.

A. NO CHANGE
B. study
C. studying
D. have studied

32.

F. NO CHANGE
G. when adapting
H. as having adapted
J. as adapting

33.

A. NO CHANGE
B. All the while,
C. All while at the same time,
D. While all the time was the same,

34. Which choice would most clearly and effectively express the obviousness of the best method of adaptation?

F. NO CHANGE
G. noticeable
H. doubtful
J. obscure

35.

A. NO CHANGE
B. quick liking of
C. quick liking to
D. quickly liking to

36.

F. NO CHANGE
G. (Do NOT being new paragraph) Disappointed in myself,
H. (Begin new paragraph) When disappointed in myself,
J. (Begin new paragraph) Disappointed in myself,

37.

A. NO CHANGE
B. memorable and hard to forget.
C. as memorable as can be.
D. memorable.

38.

F. NO CHANGE
G. seemed surprised
H. seemed, surprised
J. seemed; surprised

39. At this point, the writer is considering adding the following true statement:

Karaoke did not originate in China.

Should the writer add this sentence here?

A. Yes, because it supports that fact that karaoke is very popular despite being an import.
B. Yes, because it adds to the international flavor of the essay.
C. No, because it simply repeats a detail stated earlier in the essay.
D. No, because it doesn't add to the focus of this paragraph.

40.

F. NO CHANGE
G. embarrassment as,
H. embarrassment, as
J. embarrassment, as,

41.

A. NO CHANGE
B. songs' number
C. song's number
D. songs's number

42. If the preceding sentence were deleted, the essay would primarily lose:

F. a repetition of the main point of the essay.
G. another example of slang errors between languages.
H. a contrast with the paragraph's opening sentence.
J. a detail of how the rest of the party reacted to the author's mistake.

43.

A. NO CHANGE
B. I certainly learned a valuable lesson
C. A lesson learned was certainly valuable
D. Certainly learning a valuable lesson

44. If the writer wanted to emphasize that there are other differences in slang among languages besides the one discussed in the essay, which of the following true statements should be added at this point?

F. Slang differences are difficult to understand.
G. Slang is a popular way to communicate.
H. Learning about other slang differences can help to avoid cultural misunderstandings.
J. Daily conversation among peers often includes slang.

45. Which choice would best summarize the main point of the essay as illustrated by the narrator's miscommunication experience?

A. NO CHANGE
B. intentionally insulting a local person in a foreign country.
C. enjoying night life in a foreign country.
D. studying a foreign language in an isolated environment.