ACT english practice test 19

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


Life in the Bike Lane

[1]

When I was growing up, I used to ride my bike all the time. Even though I spent most of my childhood around the daunting, Pennsylvania, hills46 and mountains, I still loved to ride wherever and whenever I could. I suppose for someone who was too young to drive, the bicycle provided a certain amount of freedom.

[2]

Along47 came my sixteenth year and a driver's license, and that was it for the bike. When I finally got my driver's license, I felt that I had turned a page in my life, and that its48 old bike was part of a previous chapter. There it sat for my last two years of high school and all four years of college while I gleefully drove back and forth even the distances smallest in length,49 through the worst traffic and weather conditions, and amid the mounting prices of gas.

[3]

Then I moved out50 on my own and found that I had moved to a place where the car had a lot less allure. Fresh out of college, I didn't have bundles of money to throw around, and in my new environs, bundles of money was exactly51 what I needed to use the car with any regularity. Gas cost at least fifty cents more per gallon than I was used to, and what would've been a quick 30-minute drive where I grew up easily became a two-hour drive because of all the traffic in this new place!

[4]

After I couldn't take any more, I resolved and decided53 that the next time I visited my parents, I would bring the bike out of retirement. As if uncovering a lost volume of an ancient work, I entered the attic with a flashlight, even if I fought54 off fear and cobwebs in equal measure. It seemed hopeless, I thought. Even if I could find my bike in this above-house cavern, it wouldn't be the same as it was before. I was so much older now, had known the pleasures of the automobile, and was out of shape from all the highway snacking and sitting. Then, there it was, and I felt the surge that the gold-rushers'55 must have felt in California in the 1800s when they struck gold.

[5]

Needless to say, my joy at having rediscovered this long lost friend was overwhelming, but it was amplified when I had returned to my own place and began by riding56 the bike around town. I had been freed from four-dollar-a-gallon gas, traffic jams, and having been freed from the57 interminable wait at the bus stop!

[6]

I realized then that I had regained that freedom I had enjoyed so much when I was younger, in58 my first apartment, this freedom had taken on a different character; . Now it was a freedom from the constraints that prevented me from doing what I wanted to do in the city, that had me sitting in traffic or spending all my hard-earned cash on gas. I had moved out of the fast lane and into the bike lane, and I was finally able to get the most out of my new life.

46.

F. NO CHANGE
G. daunting Pennsylvania hills
H. daunting Pennsylvania hills,
J. daunting, Pennsylvania, hills,

47. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would NOT be acceptable?

A. Then
B. Next
C. Subsequently
D. In following

48.

F. NO CHANGE
G. one's
H. your
J. my

49.

A. NO CHANGE
B. shortest and smallest distances,
C. distances that were short, not long,
D. shortest distances,

50.

F. NO CHANGE
G. myself out
H. myself in
J. in

51.

A. NO CHANGE
B. weren't exacting
C. was exact
D. were exactly

52. If the writer were to delete the phrase "in this new place" (placing an exclamation point after the word traffic), this sentence would primarily lose:

F. a contrast to the phrase "where I grew up" in the same sentence.
G. factual information regarding the purpose of the author's move.
H. a contrast to the phrase "a quick 30-minute drive" in the same sentence.
J. a logical connection to the place mentioned in Paragraph 1.

53.

A. NO CHANGE
B. resolution in my deciding
C. resolved
D. decidedly resolved

54.

F. NO CHANGE
G. fighting
H. because I fought
J. and had fought

55.

A. NO CHANGE
B. gold-rusher's
C. gold-rushers
D. gold-rushers,

56.

F. NO CHANGE
G. to riding
H. to ride
J. with riding

57.

A. NO CHANGE
B. and freed from the
C. and the
D. and from the freeing of the

58.

F. NO CHANGE
G. younger, furthermore, in
H. younger. In
J. younger in

59. Given that all the following are true, which one, if added here at the end of this sentence, would provide the most effective transition to the following sentence?

A. it wasn't just freedom of movement anymore
B. not a character as in a play, but more in the sense of a "type"
C. I had resolved to ride my bike any distance shorter than ten miles
D. I had to get the brakes fixed before I could use it a lot

60. This question asks about the preceding passage as a whole.

Suppose the writer had intended to write a brief essay detailing the transportation options for visitors to a major city. Would this essay successfully fulfill the writer's goal?

F. Yes, because the writer discusses biking, driving, and taking the bus in detail.
G. Yes, because this essay deals with the ways in which the city would have fewer traffic jams if more people rode bikes.
H. No, because the essay focuses instead on the writer's personal feelings about biking and driving in the city.
J. No, because the essay deals primarily with the convenience of driving and its superiority over other forms of transportation.