ACT english practice test 30

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


Women at Work

World War II offered numerous employment opportunities for women in the United States. As the men headed to the war front, the work force retracted and diminished61 on the home front, and women begun62 to take over responsibilities traditionally assigned to men. These63 responsibilities included work previously deemed inappropriate for women.

The government realized that participation in the war but64 required the use of all national resources. American industrial facilities were turned into war production factories, and the government targeted the female population as an essential source of labor. Women worked in factories and shipyards as riveters, welders, and machinists making65 everything from uniforms to munitions to airplanes, they directly contributed to the war effort. The number of women in the workforce66 increased from 12 million in 1940 to 18 million in 1944. By 1945, 36% of the laborers were women.

Women's increased presence in wartime workforces were67 not limited to factories and shipyards. Thousands moved to Washington D.C. to fill government jobs exclusively held by men before the war. Some women engaged in farm labor, and others joined the military as field nurses. The shortage of men also led to openings in non-traditional fields, such as day-care.69 Since many players had been drafted into the armed services, Major League Baseball parks around the country were on the verge of collapse when a group of Midwestern businessmen devised a brilliant solution to the player shortage.

The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League was created in 1943 and offered a unique blend of baseball and softball suitable for female players. Founder, Philip K. Wrigley and League president,70 Ken Sells promoted the new league with aggressive advertising campaigns that promoted the physical attractiveness of female athletes. Photographs displayed women players with pretty smiles on their faces and baseball mitts in their hands.71 Their silk shorts, fashionable knee-high socks, red lipstick, having72 flowing hair directly contrasted with the competitive, masculine nature of the game. These photographs are indicative of the delicate balance between feminine appeal and masculine labor that was expected of all women throughout World War II. Although its'74 success lasted only a decade, the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League's role in expanding opportunities for women during World War II and thereafter is everlasting.

61.

A. NO CHANGE
B. retracted diminishingly
C. diminished
D. DELETE the underlined portion.

62.

F. NO CHANGE
G. has began
H. would of begun
J. began

63.

A. NO CHANGE
B. The traditionally male
C. Which
D. That

64.

F. NO CHANGE
G. and it
H. although it
J. DELETE the underlined portion.

65.

A. NO CHANGE
B. machinists, making
C. machinists. Making
D. machinists, who made

66.

F. NO CHANGE
G. workforce, for example in factories and shipyards,
H. workforce, such as factories and shipyards,
J. factory and shipyard workforce

67.

A. NO CHANGE
B. are
C. was
D. have been

68. At this point, the writer is considering adding the following true statement:

The marriage rate increased significantly during the war, as did the rate of babies born to unmarried women.

Should the writer add this sentence here?

F. No, because it does not echo the style and tone that has already been established in the essay.
G. No, because it is not relevant to the essay's focus on the changing roles of women during World War II.
H. Yes, because it contributes to the essay's focus on women's roles in the home during World War II.
J. Yes, because it provides a contrast between women in the home and women in the workplace.

69. Given that all the choices are true, which one provides the most logical transition to the information presented in the rest of this essay?

A. NO CHANGE
B. the most notable of which was baseball.
C. which many women had to give up after the war.
D. shaking American society to the core.

70.

F. NO CHANGE
G. Founder Philip K. Wrigley and League president
H. Founder Philip K. Wrigley, and, League president
J. Founder, Philip K. Wrigley, and League president,

71. Given that all the choices are true, which one most effectively helps the writer's purpose of helping readers visualize the players in the photographs?

A. NO CHANGE
B. at the plate during a live game.
C. clearly focused on playing well.
D. showing close camaraderie.

72.

F. NO CHANGE
G. their
H. with
J. and

73. If the writer were to delete the words silk, fashionable, and red from the preceding sentence, it would primarily lose:

A. details that have already been presented in the vivid imagery of the previous sentence.
B. a digression from the focus of this paragraph on the athletic talent of the players.
C. description of what was written in the captions accompanying the photographs.
D. details that highlight the femininity of the players in contrast to the masculinity of the game.

74.

F. NO CHANGE
G. it's
H. their
J. its

75. This question ask about the preceding passage as a whole.

Suppose the writer's goals were to write an essay that would illustrate the range of non-traditional activities women pursued during wartime. Does this essay achieve that goal?

A. Yes, because it explains the impact of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball Team on public perception of women.
B. Yes, because it gives several examples of women performing jobs during World War II that were typically filled by men.
C. No, because it limits its focus to the type of work women engaged in during World War II.
D. No, because it explains that women's importance in the workforce, especially in baseball, lasted only several years.