ACT english practice test 35

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


Illinois Prairies

There are different kinds of prairies in Illinois depending on the moisture gradient and soil type. The different kinds of prairie image associated with these different moisture gradients and soil types. As an ecological habitat, grasses and herbaceous wildflowers, rather than trees and shrubs, or areas with more or less permanent water, image prairies.

image High quality prairies are interesting and colorful places to visit during the growing season image

Black soil prairie was the dominant type of prairie in central and northern image it was almost totally destroyed by agricultural development during the 19th century. The landscape of such prairies is rather flat. A high-quality black soil prairie has lots of wildflowers in bloom from late spring until the middle of fall. Today, small remnants of original black soil prairie can be found in pioneer image

[1] Gravel and dolomite prairies were never very common in Illinois, and can be found primarily in northern Illinois. [2] Gravel and dolomite prairies can be rather flat, or slightly hilly. [3] image the original gravel and dolomite prairies have been largely destroyed by modern development. [4] They tend to be rather dry and well drained. [5] More recently, such prairies have been found along the gravelly ballast of railroads, where they probably did not formerly exist. image [6] In this case, they are degraded image from Western states. image

Hill prairies occur primarily along the Illinois and Mississippi image prairies are very dry and exposed to prevailing winds from the south or west. The wild-flowers of hill prairies are similar to those image found in the drier areas of gravel and dolomite prairies.

Some species that are found in hill prairies image of western areas.

Sand prairies can be image their landscape is either flat or slightly hilly. They usually occur near current or former bodies of water. imageimage

31.

A. NO CHANGE
B. wildflowers are often
C. wildflowers often
D. wildflowers: often

32.

F. NO CHANGE
G. dominates
H. dominating
J. dominate

33. At this point in the opening paragraph, the writer is considering adding the following true statement:

In Iowa, six different types of coneflowers sway in summer breezes.

Should the writer make this addition here?

A. Yes, because it helps establish that the essay is set in the Midwest.
B. Yes, because it helps reinforce the main idea of the paragraph.
C. No, because it does not make clear whether coneflowers grow in every state.
D. No, because it distracts from the main focus of the paragraph.

34. The writer is considering deleting the underlined portion from the sentence. Should the phrase be kept or deleted?

F. Kept, because it provides supporting details that reinforce the main idea of the sentence.
G. Kept, because it establishes that prairies contain more biodiversity than any other habitat.
H. Deleted, because it has already been established earlier in the paragraph that prairies have low biodiversity.
J. Deleted, because it draws attention away from the different types of prairies.

35.

A. NO CHANGE
B. Illinois,
C. Illinois: until
D. Illinois. Until

36. Given that all choices are grammatically correct, which one best establishes that black soil prairies are difficult to find today?

F. NO CHANGE
G. cemeteries or along old railroads.
H. cemeteries, state parks, and surrounding farmland.
J. cemeteries and in many neighborhoods.

37.

A. NO CHANGE
B. However,
C. Unfortunately,
D. Accordingly,

38. The writer is considering deleting the phrase “where they probably did not formerly exist” from the preceding sentence (and placing a period after the word railroads). Should the phrase be kept or deleted?

F. Kept, because the information helps to establish the rampant proliferation of gravel and dolomite prairies in Illinois.
G. Kept, because it strengthens the paragraph’s focus on the unchanging landscape of prairies.
H. Deleted, because it is not relevant to the description of gravel and dolomite prairies found in Illinois.
J. Deleted, because the speculation is inconsistent with the claim made earlier in the paragraph that the prairies have been largely destroyed.

39.

A. NO CHANGE
B. and many bird species migrate to them
C. consisting of a mix of native grasses and flowers and flora
D. and are of particular interest to tourists

40. For the sake of the logic and coherence of this paragraph, Sentence 4 should be placed:

F. where it is now.
G. before Sentence 1.
H. before Sentence 3.
J. before Sentence 6.

41.

A. NO CHANGE
B. rivers. Hill
C. rivers hill
D. rivers; hill,

42.

F. NO CHANGE
G. which are finding
H. if found
J. that can be found

43.

A. NO CHANGE
B. are more typical
C. typify
D. are more usual

44.

F. NO CHANGE
G. moist mesic, or dry; and
H. moist: mesic or dry, and
J. moist, mesic, or dry, and

45. Given that all of the choices are true, which best concludes the paragraph with a colorful image that relates to the description of a sand prairie?

A. NO CHANGE
B. Vegetation includes woody shrubs, wildflowers, and native prairie grasses.
C. The spectacular vegetation includes the vibrant hues of purple spiderwort, orange butterfly weed, and yellow goldenrod.
D. More than sixty colorful species of wildflowers have been identified as being native to sand prairies.