ACT english practice test 37

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


The Birth of Surrealism

Joan Miró was a Catalan painter, sculptor, and ceramicist born in Barcelona, Spain, in 1893. imageimageimage as Surrealism, a sandbox for the subconscious mind, a re-creation of the childlike, and a manifestation of Catalan pride. In numerous interviews dating from the 1930s onwards, Miró image contempt for conventional painting methods as a way of supporting bourgeoise society, and famously declared an “assassination of painting” in favor of imageimage

imageimage that was gathering in Montparnasse and in 1920 moved to Paris. There, under the influence of the poets and image his unique style: organic forms and flattened picture planes drawn with a sharp line. Generally thought of as a Surrealist because of his interest in automatism and the use of sexual symbols, Miró’s style was influenced in image degrees by Surrealism and Dada, yet he rejected membership in any artistic movement in the interwar European years.

Andre image him as “the most Surrealist of us all.”

imageimage and thus, with Andre Masson, represented the beginning of Surrealism as an art movement. image Miró chose not to become an official member of the Surrealists in order to be free to experiment with other artistic styles without compromising his position within the group. He pursued his own interests in the art image from automatic drawing and Surrealism to Expressionism and Color Field painting.

In his final decades, Miró image his work in different media and produced hundreds of ceramics, including the Wall of the Moon and Wall of the Sun. He also made temporary window paintings (on glass) for an exhibit. In the last years of his life Miró wrote his most radical and least image the possibilities of gas sculpture and four-dimensional painting.

He died bedridden, at his home in Palma, Mallorca, on December 25, 1983. He suffered from heart disease, and image a clinic for respiratory problems two weeks before his death. Many of his pieces are exhibited today in the Fundació Joan Miró in Barcelona and the U.S.

National Gallery in image at the Montjuïc cemetery. Today, his paintings sell for between $250,000 and $17 image was the auction price for the La Caresse des Etoiles on May 6, 2008, and is the highest amount paid for one of Miró’s works to date.

61.

A. NO CHANGE
B. He has earned international acclaim, his work
C. Interpreted as having earned international acclaim, his work is seen
D. Earning international acclaim, his work has been interpreted

62.

F. NO CHANGE
G. expressed
H. had express
J. were to express

63. Which choice best illustrates Miró’s contempt for conventional painting and helps explain the “assassination of painting” mentioned earlier in the sentence?

A. NO CHANGE
B. applying works of art by famous Renaissance painters.
C. boycotting painting as an art form and turning to sculpting instead.
D. rejecting the visual elements of established painting.

64.

F. NO CHANGE
G. Miró was drawn to the arts community, born to the family of a goldsmith and watchmaker
H. The arts community, born to the family of a goldsmith and watchmaker, the young Miró was drawn to
J. The young Miró was drawn to the family of a goldsmith and watchmaker, born to the arts community

65.

A. NO CHANGE
B. writers. He developed
C. writers, he developed
D. writers develops

66.

F. NO CHANGE
G. variety
H. different and varying
J. various, multiple

67.

A. NO CHANGE
B. Breton the founder of Surrealism, described
C. Breton: the founder of Surrealism, describe
D. Breton, the founder of Surrealism, described

68. At this point in the essay, the writer wants to highlight the influence that Miró had on painting as an art form. Given that all of the choices are true, which one would best accomplish that purpose?

F. NO CHANGE
G. Miró greatly disliked all bourgeoise art, especially Cubism,
H. Miró was the first artist to develop automatic drawing as a way to undo previous established techniques in painting,
J. Miró worked heavily in ceramics in the last phase of his career,

69.

A. NO CHANGE
B. Consequently,
C. Furthermore,
D. Thus,

70.

F. NO CHANGE
G. world, ranging
H. world which ranges
J. world and range

71.

A. NO CHANGE
B. is accelerating
C. accelerates
D. accelerated

72.

F. NO CHANGE
G. known ideas exploring—
H. known ideas. He explored
J. known ideas, he explored

73.

A. NO CHANGE
B. had visited
C. visiting
D. were to visit

74.

F. NO CHANGE
G. Washington D.C. he is buried nearby,
H. Washington, D.C., he is buried, nearby
J. Washington, D.C.; he is buried nearby

75.

A. NO CHANGE
B. million and that
C. million, which
D. million which