ACT english practice test 42

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


Gut Feelings

image are sudden, strong judgments whose origin image immediately explain. Although they seem to emerge from an obscure inner force, they actually begin with a perception of something outside—a facial expression, a tone of voice, or a visual inconsistency so fleeting you're not even aware you image

image as rapid cognition or condensed reasoning that takes advantage of the brain’s built-in shortcuts. Or think of intuition as an unconscious associative process. image

image that intuition is a mental matching game. The brain image of its files, and then finds its best analogy among the stored sprawl of memories and knowledge. Based on that image ascribe meaning to the situation in front of you. A doctor might simply glance at a pallid young woman complaining of fatigue and shortness of breath and immediately intuit image suffers from anemia.

imageimage When a new experience calls up a similar pattern, it doesn’t unleash just stored knowledge but also an emotional state of mind and a predisposition to image in a certain way

imageimageimage

image intuition is best used as the first step in solving a problem or deciding what to do. The more experience you have in a particular domain, the more reliable your intuitions, image But even in your area of expertise, it’s wisest to test out your hunches—you could easily have latched on to the wrong detail and pulled up the wrong web of associations in your brain. So pay attention to your intuition, because the information you image is valid. But it’s important to balance this with reason so that you don’t make an error of judgment in an impulsive moment.

61.

A. NO CHANGE
B. Intuitions, or gut feelings
C. Intuitions, or gut feelings,
D. Intuitions or gut feelings

62.

F. NO CHANGE
G. you can’t
H. people won’t
J. one doesn’t

63.

A. NO CHANGE
B. notice
C. felt
D. feel

64.

F. NO CHANGE
G. Think of intuition
H. Think on it
J. Thinking of them

65. At this point, the writer is considering adding the following sentence:

Long dismissed as magical or beneath the dignity of science, intuition appears to consist of fast mental operations.

Would this be a relevant addition to make here?

A. Yes, because it provides a needed transition between sentences.
B. Yes, because it finally provides the official definition of intuition.
C. No, because it contradicts the idea expressed in the following sentence.
D. No, because it provides a digression that leads the paragraph away from its primary focus.

66. Which phrase best introduces the sentence?

F. NO CHANGE
G. The only thing we know for sure is
H. The only possible explanation is
J. Psychologists now believe

67.

A. NO CHANGE
B. takes in a situation, does a very quick search
C. took in a situation, doing a very quick search
D. take in a situation, does a very quick search

68.

F. NO CHANGE
G. analogy: you
H. analogy—you
J. analogy; you

69.

A. NO CHANGE
B. she
C. he
D. her

70. Which choice best illustrates how information is stored in our brains?

F. NO CHANGE
G. Everything we do is stored in our brain.
H. Experience is processed by our brain.
J. Our brain remembers all of our experiences.

71.

A. NO CHANGE
B. respond
C. have responded
D. be responding

72. The writer is considering deleting this sentence. Should the sentence be kept or deleted?

F. Kept, because it is relevant to the discussion of where intuitions come from.
G. Kept, because it provides a useful introduction to the paragraph.
H. Deleted, because it contradicts the idea that people should pay attention to their intuitions.
J. Deleted, because it is stylistically inconsistent with the rest of the essay.

73.

A. NO CHANGE
B. Also,
C. For instance,
D. But

74. Which phrase best supports the idea presented in this sentence?

F. NO CHANGE
G. because you haven’t formed many situational analogies.
H. because they arise out of the richest array of collected patterns of experience.
J. because you should trust your unconscious mind.

75.

A. NO CHANGE
B. have received
C. will be receiving
D. receive