ACT english practice test 43

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


The Real Johnny B. Goode?

No one person invented rock and roll single-handedly, but for years both image that no individual is due more credit than Chuck Berry. The singer, songwriter, and guitarist behind such rock classics as “Maybelline” and “Johnny B. Goode” image on everything from the songwriting of the Beatles to the guitar playing of Jimi Hendrix.

He sold millions of records and in 1986 image the first class of inductees into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. But in 2000, the music world was shocked when Berry was sued by an old piano player of his, Johnnie image it was really he who had composed the music for nearly all of Berry’s hits.

Could the great Chuck Berry image a fraud, and the virtually unknown Johnson the true force behind the songs that shaped rock and roll? It seemed image at first, but eventually even the biggest Berry fans had to admit that certain details seemed image Johnson’s story. The band that became the Chuck Berry Trio in 1955 was originally the Johnnie Johnson Trio, and Berry, a struggling local musician, had joined as a last-minute addition image
image

image Berry claimed sole responsibility for the many hits that soon followed, his gift for composition mysteriously dried up after he stopped working with Johnson. Berry was jailed in 1959 over shady goings-on at a nightclub he owned, and his only Top Ten hits after his 1963 release image a silly novelty record called “My Ding-a-Ling” and a tune called “No Particular Place to Go,” which was clearly just the Berry classic “School Days” with new lyrics. Even lifelong Berry fan Bruce Springsteen image years earlier that their songs were written in unusual keys for a guitar player—keys more commonly found in songs composed on piano. image

Why had Johnnie not spoken up at the time? Tragically, Johnson was plagued by alcoholism for most of his life, and took little notice of what went on outside the studio. He also knew far less about things like rights and royalties than did the more educated and business-savvy Berry. image

A judge dismissed the suit because too much time had elapsed image and Johnnie Johnson passed away in 2005, so the world will never know exactly who wrote what in all those immortal songs. Johnson never claimed he wrote them alone, however, and Chuck Berry still deserves his legendary status even if all he did was pen the lyrics and play the guitar—but maybe the name of Johnnie Johnson should be no less famous than his.

1.

A. NO CHANGE
B. critics and fans have agreed, that
C. critics, and fans have agreed, that
D. critics and fans have agreed that

2.

F. NO CHANGE
G. were a major influence
H. were major influences
J. have had a major influence

3.

A. NO CHANGE
B. was
C. was among
D. would have been among

4.

F. NO CHANGE
G. Johnson, claimed
H. Johnson, claiming
J. Johnson, who claimed

5.

A. NO CHANGE
B. be
C. possibly was
D. DELETE the underlined portion.

6. Which shocking word or phrase best emphasizes the nature of the allegations?

F. NO CHANGE
G. silly
H. unthinkable
J. impossible to determine

7.

A. NO CHANGE
B. to corroborate
C. corroborating of
D. in which corroborated

8. If the writer were to delete the underlined portion, the paragraph would primarily lose:

F. an instance of foreshadowing.
G. an explanation of why the type of music Berry played was popular in the South.
H. a reminder of how cruel the music business can be.
J. evidence of how close Berry came to not being a rock star at all.

9.

A. NO CHANGE
B. Since
C. On the other hand,
D. DELETE the underlined portion.

10.

F. NO CHANGE
G. had
H. were
J. being

11.

A. NO CHANGE
B. had remarked
C. did remark
D. would remark

12. At this point, the writer is considering adding the following true statement:

Berry had been in trouble with the law many times before, so allegations that he had cheated a former partner were hardly inconsistent with his character.

Should the writer make this addition here?

F. Yes, as it provides relevant information.
G. Yes, because it proves Berry is a fraud.
H. No, because only Berry’s talent is the issue, and not his character.
J. No, because it doesn’t specify every crime of which Berry was accused.

13. Given that all the following statements are true, which one, if added here, would most effectively conclude the paragraph and support information given in the preceding sentence?

A. As far as Johnson knew, what he was paid for his time at the end of a session was fair.
B. Many African-American musicians of that era never received the money they deserved.
C. Of course, how music publishing works has changed a great deal since the 1950s.
D. Later rock stars were even more educated, a notable example being Mick Jagger.

14.

F. NO CHANGE
G. between the writing of most of the songs,
H. since the writing of the songs in question,
J. before any more songs could be written,

15. Question below asks about the preceding passage as a whole.

Suppose the author had intended to write an essay about how celebrities are almost never really the people we think they are. Would this essay fulfill that goal?

A. Yes, because it makes a strong case that one of the greatest rock stars of all time did not write his own songs.
B. Yes, because the essay just confirms what most people already suspected anyway.
C. No, because the essay deals only with Chuck Berry, and not celebrities in general.
D. No, because the concept of “celebrities” did not exist yet in the 1950s.