ACT english practice test 45

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


Who Are You Calling a Barbarian?

(1)

His enemies image “The Scourge of God.” His name is synonymous image cruelty, mercilessness, and barbarism of all kinds. But has history really been fair to the fifth-century king and military leader known to us as Attila the Hun? image that it has not. Traditional views of this period in Europe have been based on Roman sources, which even at their best are still biased against Attila, and at worst contain outright lies. image

(2)

The Huns were not the nomadic tribe of brutes that popular culture has often portrayed them as being. At the time of Attila’s birth in image Huns were a vast and efficiently run nation stretching all the way from image to the west of what is now Germany, image far larger and less fragmented than the Western Roman Empire then was. And unlike aristocratic Roman society, the Hun world was a meritocracy with little to no image. At least a few sources who had lived in both societies said that they preferred the Hun civilization to the Roman. Yes, the Huns had beards and wore furs, but this was only common sense: it was much colder where they lived than it was in Rome. image

(3)

Attila became king upon the death of his uncle in 434 and image with Western Rome for the first part of his reign. Roman armies in what is now France recruited soldiers from Hun lands with Attila’s permission, and the two empires traded freely and even extradited criminals to each other. The trouble started in 450, when Honoria, the sister of the emperor, offered herself in marriage to Attila in an attempt to escape an arranged union with a much older senator. Valentinian, her brother, tried to deny that the offer was genuine, but Attila was understandably unwilling to pass up a chance to unite his royal line image and create the greatest empire in history. Rome was so frightened by this prospect that they aligned themselves with the Visigoths—formerly the common enemy of both the image. Hun forces entered Italy in 452, and sacked several cities, but were forced to turn back before reaching the capital, as a famine prevented the army from obtaining sufficient food. Attila died in his native lands a year later, supposedly after partying too hard at a feast.

(4)

Contrary to popular belief, neither Attila nor any Hun commander ever sacked Rome (the Visigoths took the city in 410, and the Vandals in 454, but neither nation was aligned or even friendly with the Huns). Although his tactics were brutal by modern standards, image no more so than those of any military leader from that time, the “civilized” Romans included. Attila may be known as a monster in the West, but is revered as a national hero in much of Eastern Europe to this day.

imageimage

31.

A. NO CHANGE
B. dubbed him
C. dubbed to him
D. dubbed him for

32.

F. NO CHANGE
G. of
H. as
J. with

33.

A. NO CHANGE
B. It is agreed by modern historians
C. Modern historians had finally agreed
D. Modern historians agree

34. If the writer were to delete the preceding sentence, the paragraph would primarily lose information that:

F. demonstrates that Roman historians were typically less honest than were historians from other cultures.
G. proves that modern Europe is more indebted to Rome for its culture than to any other ancient society.
H. explains the reasons behind the long-standing negative opinion of Attila.
J. explains which myths about Attila were invented by the Romans.

35.

A. NO CHANGE
B. 406, and the
C. 406; the
D. 406. The

36.

F. NO CHANGE
G. Asia’s central seas
H. Asias central sea’s
J. Asias’ central sea’s

37.

A. NO CHANGE
B. this was
C. which was
D. DELETE the underlined portion.

38.

F. NO CHANGE
G. class division
H. people being separated by class division
J. unfair class division keeping people apart

39. At this point, the writer is considering adding the following true statement:

The Vikings wore even more furs and had even longer beards, and they sailed to America 500 years before Columbus!

Should the writer make this addition?

A. Yes, because it provides a much-needed additional example for the same point.
B. Yes, because this little-known fact should be provided to people whenever possible.
C. No, because it distracts the reader from the main focus of the essay.
D. No, because the essay does not explain whether the Huns and Vikings got along.

40.

F. NO CHANGE
G. coexists in peace
H. coexisted peacefully
J. peaceful coexistence

41.

A. NO CHANGE
B. with they’re own
C. with Rome’s one
D. plus the Roman one

42.

F. NO CHANGE
G. Huns and Rome’s, who had further insulted Attila.
H. Huns and Rome—further insulting Attila.
J. Huns everywhere. Rome thus insulted Attila further.

43.

A. NO CHANGE
B. but they were
C. since they were
D. it was

44. Given that all of the following statements are true, which one provides the most relevant and specific information?

F. NO CHANGE
G. There is almost certainly at least one giant statue of him there!
H. In Budapest, there are more than ten “Attila Streets!”
J. Of course, the map of Eastern Europe is now very different from the one most Americans remember from school!

45. Question below asks about the preceding passage as a whole.

For the sake of logic and coherence, Paragraph 1 should be placed:

A. where it is now.
B. after Paragraph 2.
C. after Paragraph 3.
D. after Paragraph 4.