ACT english practice test 48

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


When Third Was Second

People often image a third-party candidate. It’s true that no presidential candidate who didn’t represent one of the two major parties image an election, but there have been a few elections in living memory where a third-party candidate image a few states. And although most people don’t realize it, image has been one presidential election in American history where a third-party candidate came in second.

image, Theodore Roosevelt ascended to the presidency upon the assassination of President William McKinley in 1901 (only 42 at the time, he remains the youngest president ever). Despite early concerns about his youth and image as the public affectionately nicknamed him—soon became immensely popular, image the Republican Party in a progressive new direction that emphasized nature conservation and opposition to corporate power. After finishing what had begun as McKinley’s term, Roosevelt ran for reelection in 1904, winning in the biggest landslide since James Monroe’s unopposed candidacy of 1820 image
image

Since this had never image an interesting question: the custom (though not yet the law) was for presidents to limit themselves to two terms, so did the term of McKinley’s that Roosevelt completed count as the first of two, or could he run again in 1908? Roosevelt settled the question himself by stepping aside and endorsing image for the Republican nomination; with the beloved Teddy’s endorsement, Taft won easily. After the election, Roosevelt left for an extended African safari, motivated by a desire both to pursue his lifelong interest in nature and image to stay out of the spotlight and let President Taft be his own man.

But when Teddy returned to find that Taft had abandoned many of the policies he’d established and rendered the Republican Party more conservative, he changed his tune, announcing his intention to run for a third—or second, depending on your point of view—term in 1912. But the party bosses declined to wrest the nomination from the incumbent Taft and hand it to image his chance in 1908, and so Teddy was compelled to form his own party, which he dubbed the Progressive Party. image

Lots of people are aware that Teddy Roosevelt ran for another term on the Bull Moose ticket, but what many don’t know is that he almost won, finishing second with a respectable 88 electoral votes. image The 1912 victory went to Woodrow Wilson—who, thanks to the divided Republicans, became only the second Democrat to win the White House since the Civil War—and poor Taft became the only major-party candidate in American history ever to finish third, winning only two states.

1.

A. NO CHANGE
B. say, that you’re “throwing your vote away,” by voting for
C. say, that you’re “throwing your vote away” by voting, for
D. say that you’re “throwing your vote away” by voting for

2.

F. NO CHANGE
G. has ever won
H. was winning
J. were winning

3.

A. NO CHANGE
B. has won
C. have won
D. would have won

4.

F. NO CHANGE
G. so there
H. but there
J. however, there

5. Which of the following phrases best introduces the paragraph?

A. NO CHANGE
B. Although sickly in his youth,
C. As the sitting vice president,
D. One of the four presidents depicted on Mount Rushmore,

6.

F. NO CHANGE
G. temperament, Roosevelt or “Teddy,”
H. temperament, Roosevelt—or “Teddy”
J. temperament. Roosevelt, or “Teddy”

7.

A. NO CHANGE
B. had steered
C. to steer
D. steering

8. If the writer were to delete the underlined portion, the paragraph would primarily lose:

F. an explanation of what made Teddy Roosevelt so popular.
G. information vital to the rest of the essay.
H. a reminder that the United States was still young in Roosevelt’s day.
J. an interesting but unnecessary piece of trivia.

9.

A. NO CHANGE
B. occurred, before it raised
C. occurred before, and it raised
D. occurred before and raised

10.

F. NO CHANGE
G. Secretary of War, William Howard Taft
H. Secretary of War William Howard Taft,
J. Secretary of War, William Howard Taft,

11.

A. NO CHANGE
B. both
C. not
D. DELETE the underlined portion.

12.

F. NO CHANGE
G. Roosevelt has
H. Roosevelt, who would have
J. Roosevelt, who had already had

13. Given that all the following statements are true, which one, if added here, would most effectively conclude this paragraph and introduce the following one?

A. Roosevelt’s friend and admirer Robert LaFollette would later win Wisconsin in 1924 on the Progressive ticket.
B. But it became known by a nickname derived from a famous quip of Roosevelt’s about his physical fitness: the Bull Moose Party.
C. Roosevelt’s rhetoric would now become more anticorporate than ever before.
D. Even today, many left-wing thinkers prefer the term progressive to liberal.

14. At this point, the writer is considering adding the following true statement:

Many people also don’t realize that the famous incident when Roosevelt finished his entire speech after surviving an assassination attempt was in 1912.

Should the writer make this addition here?

F. Yes, because it corrects a common misconception.
G. Yes, because the essay should contain as many facts about Roosevelt as possible.
H. No, because the sentence does not explain who shot Roosevelt or why.
J. No, because the information is unessential and disrupts the flow of the paragraph.

15. Question below asks about the preceding passage as a whole.

Suppose the author had intended to write a brief essay about the ways in which the major events in Teddy Roosevelt’s life influenced his political beliefs. Would this essay fulfill that goal?

A. Yes, because it explains Roosevelt’s reasons both for leaving the country in 1908 and for running again in 1912.
B. Yes, because the rift in the Republican Party is explained in sufficient detail.
C. No, because nothing about Roosevelt’s childhood is mentioned in the essay.
D. No, because the essay does not make explicit connections between Roosevelt’s personal life and his policy positions.