ACT english practice test 58

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


How Romantic!

When you hear the word romantic, you probably think image to “chick flick” movies and Valentine’s Day, but the time in history known as the Romantic Period was a lot more exciting than that. In Europe in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, communities of writers, painters, and musicians image stifled by the rationality and orderliness of the Age of Enlightenment, and started producing work that emphasized uncontrollable emotion and the dark side of Nature.

Most people think of classical music as “relaxing,” but the image of Romantic musicians like Beethoven and Wagner are anything but, and would come to influence rock and roll music over a century later. In the visual arts, painters like Henry Fuseli and Eugène Delacroix created disturbing, chaotic works emphasizing struggle, fear, and image today’s horror and “goth” imagery.

image the movement is most closely associated with literature, and indeed Romanticism radically changed people’s ideas not only of the function of literature, but also of what writers themselves image like. Previously, most famous writers had been educated aristocrats who wrote complex works about human society, but the reflective nature poems of William Wordsworth and the short, sad life of the brilliant, struggling commoner John Keats have much more in common with how we think of poetry and poets today. image

Perhaps Romanticism’s most influential innovation was the “Byronic hero,” named for the central figures in the works of rebellious English poet Lord Byron.

image a supremely gifted individual troubled by a 8 dark past, torn between good and evil, and plagued by tragic love affairs, the figure of the Byronic hero is everywhere in pop culture even today, image

The Romantic Movement image science. Researchers turned their attention away from the microscope and toward the dynamic forces of electricity and magnetism. [A] The fascination with nature inspired the new science of biology. [B] And the emphasis on mystery and human behavior led to the beginnings of what would eventually become psychology. [C] image most artistic movements fade into history, image of interest mainly to academics, the ideals and 12 aesthetics of Romanticism have remained popular and continue to influence mainstream culture to this day, whether people know it or not. [D] imageimage

1.

A. NO CHANGE
B. in
C. of
D. like

2.

F. NO CHANGE
G. feeling
H. has felt
J. had begun to feel

3.

A. NO CHANGE
B. stirring, urgent compositions
C. compositions stirring in their urgency
D. urgent compositions that stirred

4.

F. NO CHANGE
G. loneliness inspired
H. loneliness, in which inspired
J. loneliness; inspired

5. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would NOT be acceptable?

A. However,
B. Meanwhile,
C. Still,
D. Today,

6.

F. NO CHANGE
G. would have been
H. to be
J. are

7. If the writer were to delete the phrase “brilliant, struggling commoner” in the preceding sentence and paragraph replace it with “masterful sonneteer,” the would primarily lose:

A. a link between Keats and the contemporary idea of the starving artist.
B. support for the idea that Keats was actually more talented than Wordsworth.
C. an explanation of what made the work of Keats so original and groundbreaking.
D. proof that “John Keats” was Keats’s real name, rather than a pseudonym he used when writing.

8.

F. NO CHANGE
G. Having defined
H. Defined as
J. Defining

9. If the writer were to delete the underlined portion (ending the sentence with a period after today), the paragraph would primarily lose:

A. an explanation of why Byronic heroes are so appealing.
B. proof of the fact that Byronic heroes are more suited to film than to literature.
C. support for the assertion that all Byronic heroes are male.
D. some examples of current fictional Byronic heroes.

10.

F. NO CHANGE
G. took a long time to penetrate the realm of
H. tried to warn humanity about
J. even had an influence on

11.

A. NO CHANGE
B. While
C. Because
D. However,

12.

F. NO CHANGE
G. became
H. and became
J. to have become

13. Given that all the choices are true, which one best serves to conclude the passage with an emphasis on how Romanticism has widely affected popular culture?

A. NO CHANGE
B. In the 1970s, bands like Rush and Led Zeppelin made frequent reference to “Kubla Khan,” a poem by Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
C. If it hadn’t been for a certain few artists who lived 200 years ago, then today we probably wouldn’t have rock music, horror movies, or superheroes.
D. Most people aren’t aware of this, but James Dean’s middle name was “Byron!”

14. If the writer were to divide this paragraph into two, the most logical place to begin the new paragraph would be at point:

F. A.
G. B.
H. C.
J. D.

15. Question below asks about the preceding passage as a whole.

Suppose the writer’s goal had been to write a brief essay about the ways in which pop culture is greatly influenced by high culture. Would this essay accomplish that goal?

A. Yes, because it contains many examples of mass entertainment derived from principles in great art.
B. Yes, because it establishes that Romanticism has been more influential than other artistic movements.
C. No, because it contains no examples of Romanticism’s influence on pop culture.
D. No, because it concerns only Romanticism, and also describes its influence on things besides pop culture.