ACT english practice test 59

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


My Favorite Place

Whenever someone asks me what my favorite place on earth is, I have trouble image between two candidates: the American Museum of Natural History and the Bronx Zoo. Of course, there are a lot of obvious similarities between the two—they are both in New York City, and they both appeal to people who are interested in animals—but there are a lot of important differences too, at least to me there are interested in animals—but there are a lot of important differences too, at least to me image

Obviously, the zoo is outdoors, and the animals in it are alive, image. Being at the zoo feels different: it’s hot, there are bees and screaming kids everywhere, and the smell of the city mixes with the smells of animals and snack food. It’s just so full of life and exciting. Even as a kid, image way more exciting than going to a rollercoaster park or sporting event. To this day, nothing fills me with joy and energy quite like a day at the zoo.

imageimageimage It’s just so dark and cool and quiet, image high ceilings and long image fills me with a feeling of deep reverence, though I’m not exactly sure toward what. Unlike the zoo, which is always changing, the museum is basically the same every time you go. The same image in the same positions in their clear tombs since my grandfather was little, and even when the scientific information on the plaques beside them gets outdated, the staff sometimes doesn’t bother to change it. And of course, every trip ends with the dinosaurs on the top floor, their fossilized bones older than anything you’re ever likely to see.

I can remember going image to both places often as a child, but even those trips were different. I would go to the zoo in the summer on a car trip, along with my whole family, but the museum was a special wintertime thing between my father and me, and the two of us would take the image was exciting in itself—rather than drive. image

I’ve lived all over the country, but I’ve tried to visit both places at least once every year for my whole life. I’m a little scared that the museum will change in the future from the way I remember it being, and even more scared that some of my favorite image from the zoo, like tigers and rhinos, will go extinct during my lifetime. But image how fascinated all the kids always are at both places; it reminds me that, at least when we’re young, we all love animals and learning. image

16.

F. NO CHANGE
G. and decide
H. about deciding
J. deciding

17.

A. NO CHANGE
B. they are different.
C. it would seem.
D. DELETE the underlined portion and end the sentence with a period.

18. Which choice most logically supports the first part of this sentence?

F. NO CHANGE
G. but those aren’t the differences I’m talking about.
H. and most of them are mammals, like you and me.
J. which is a relief, since so many are endangered species.

19.

A. NO CHANGE
B. the zoo was
C. I found it
D. would you believe it was

20. Given that all the choices are true, which one provides material most relevant to what follows in this paragraph?

F. NO CHANGE
G. The museum, on the other hand, makes me just as happy and just as hungry.
H. People don’t realize it, but the museum hasn’t always been in its present location.
J. I can’t possibly express how the museum makes me feel, so I’m not even going to try.

21.

A. NO CHANGE
B. with its
C. although its
D. because its

22.

F. NO CHANGE
G. echoing always
H. echoes that always
J. echoes, always

23. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would NOT be acceptable?

A. animals have frozen
B. mounted animals have been
C. animals have been there
D. mounted animals have been frozen

24. The best placement for the underlined portion would be:

F. where it is now.
G. after the word places.
H. after the word trips.
J. after the word different.

25.

A. NO CHANGE
B. train
C. train—which
D. train. This

26. At this point, the writer is considering adding the following true statement: “I’ve never understood why, but trains are the only form of transportation I don’t get sick on.”
Should the writer make this addition here?

F. Yes, because it provides a further link between his love for the museum and his love of trains.
G. Yes, because it provides information that will become necessary later.
H. No, because it would distract readers from the main focus of this paragraph.
J. No, because the writer never discusses getting sick on any of the various other forms of transportation.

27.

A. NO CHANGE
B. friends
C. friend’s
D. friends’s

28. Which choice most effectively expresses the writer’s great reverence for the zoo and museum?

F. NO CHANGE
G. I almost can’t believe
H. I always tell my friends about
J. I’m also reassured and inspired by

29. Which of the following sentences, if added here, would most effectively express one of the main ideas of the essay?

A. Although the zoo and museum are both fun, the real reason I love them is that they give me hope.
B. It’s funny, but I am annoyed by kids pretty much everywhere else.
C. When I was a kid, the zoo had elephant rides, but nowadays they only have camel rides.
D. I could never choose between the zoo and the museum, and luckily, people have stopped trying to make me.

30. The author is thinking about deleting the previous sentence. Should it be deleted or kept?

F. Kept, because it supports the theme of the opening paragraph with memorable imagery.
G. Kept, because it is the only place that the author mentions being bad at traditional sports.
H. Deleted, because it contradicts information presented elsewhere in the opening paragraph.
J. Deleted, because not all sports are played outdoors.