ACT english practice test 61

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


The Best Party

Here in the United States, image comedians can sometimes seem to understand things better than image do, people often jokingly suggest that comedians should run for office. But just this year, the small European island nation of Iceland went even further: it actually elected a stand-up comedian the mayor of its capital city of Reykjavik, and the political party he founded as a prank now controls more than a third of the seats on the City Council.

Comedian and film image was already well known to Icelanders. In 2008, after image devastated Iceland’s economy, he started a web site for a fictitious political party that he called the “Best Party” and began writing blogs satirizing the nation’s policies. When the web site became unexpectedly popular, Gnarr began image the Best Party, mostly with people from the punk and alternative music scenes he has long been close to (Gnarr’s wife is best friends with Iceland’s most famous image eccentric singer Björk).

Gnarr’s 2010 campaign for mayor of Reykjavik-which is only one city, but image of Iceland’s population-was hardly a serious one. His campaign promises included free towels, more polar bears at the zoo, and a Disneyland at the airport. Still, the humorous platform image serious issues: polar bears have recently been showing up in Iceland, where they did not live before, because of global warming. image

[1] Though Gnarr did not expect to win, he has high hopes for his time in office. [2] Constant political shakeups have ejected Reykjavik’s last several mayors from office sooner than expected, and he hopes to be the first of the twenty-first century to serve out a full four-year term. [3] Gnarr says his surprise political career has given him “the greatest sense of contentment” of anything he’s ever worked on image [4] This would be an impressive feat for someone who dropped out of school at age 16 and identifies himself as an anarchist, but the comedian has apparently gotten serious. image

image It is the world’s oldest parliamentary democracy, having had an elected legislature since 930 A.D. In 1117, it became the first European country to outlaw the slave trade. And in 2009, the people of Iceland elected Johanna Sigurthardottir as prime minister, making her the world’s first openly gay head of state. So is image election of a comedian mayor and his satirical party a sign of things to come? Only time will tell.

46.

F. NO CHANGE
G. were political
H. we’re political
J. where political

47.

A. NO CHANGE
B. politicians’
C. our politicians
D. some politicians’

48.

F. NO CHANGE
G. actor, Jon Gnarr
H. actor Jon Gnarr,
J. actor, Jon Gnarr,

49.

A. NO CHANGE
B. a severe banking collapse
C. a banking collapse that severely affected the financial sector
D. it

50.

F. NO CHANGE
G. by actually staffing
H. to actually staff
J. by which to staff

51.

A. NO CHANGE
B. musician; the
C. musician being
D. musician is

52.

F. NO CHANGE
G. home
H. it is a third
J. home to over a third

53. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would NOT be acceptable?

A. recommended
B. mirrored
C. called attention to
D. called to mind

54. The writer is considering deleting the phrase “where they did not live before, because of global warming” from the preceding sentence (and ending it with a period after “Iceland”). Should this phrase be kept or deleted?

F. Kept, because it proves that global warming will affect everyone.
G. Kept, because it explains why the presence of polar bears is a “serious issue.”
H. Deleted, because there are some people who don’t believe in global warming.
J. Deleted, because the majority of people like polar bears and would love to have more of them around.

55.

A. NO CHANGE
B. the whole time.
C. so far in his life.
D. DELETE the underlined portion and end the sentence with a period.

56. For the sake of the logic and coherence of this paragraph, Sentence 4 should be placed:

F. where it is now.
G. before Sentence 1.
H. after Sentence 1.
J. after Sentence 2.

57. Given that all of the following statements are true, which one, if added here, would most clearly and effectively introduce the main subject of this paragraph?

A. Genetically speaking, Iceland has the peculiar distinction of being home to the highest percentage of green-eyed people of any nation.
B. All Icelandic schoolchildren learn to read the Old Icelandic Sagas in the original, which would be like if all American kids could understand Beowulf!
C. Though it may not be a country you hear about much, Iceland has often been ahead of the curve in political matters.
D. Though Iceland and Greenland are right next to each other, Iceland counts as part of Europe, whereas Greenland counts as part of North America.

58.

F. NO CHANGE
G. their
H. there
J. his or her

59. Question below asks about the preceding passage as a whole.

Suppose the writer’s goal had been to write a brief essay focusing on the unique political history of Iceland. Would this essay accomplish that goal?

A. Yes, because it provides information about several key figures in Iceland’s government.
B. Yes, because it mentions several of the important political events in Icelandic history.
C. No, because it only mentions Iceland, so readers have no basis for deciding whether its politics are unique.
D. No, because it only mentions Iceland, so readers have no basis for deciding whether its politics are unique.

60.

F. NO CHANGE
G. attracted
H. had attracted
J. have been attracting