ACT English Practice Test 71

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.















46.

F. NO CHANGE
G. when I was a youth.
H. before I grew up.
J. DELETE the underlined portion and end the sentence with a period.

47.

A. NO CHANGE
B. when,
C. in which,
D. DELETE the underlined portion.

48.

F. NO CHANGE
G. simultaneously,
H. consider that
J. in addition,

49.

A. NO CHANGE
B. Scientists
C. In fact, scientists
D. Understand that scientists

50.

F. NO CHANGE
G. in camouflaging theirselves,
H. to camouflage itself,
J. to camouflage themselves,

51. The writer is considering deleting the phrase repulse predators from the preceding sentence (deleting the comma after the phrase). Should the phrase be kept or deleted?

A. Kept, because it is an essential detail referred to directly in the next sentence.
B. Kept, because the evolutionary trait of repulsing predators is critical to survival of the fittest.
C. Deleted, because it repeats information previously provided in the essay.
D. Deleted, because it makes the sentence long and difficult to understand.

52.

F. NO CHANGE
G. terrestrial or, land-based
H. terrestrial, or land-based,
J. terrestrial, or land-based

53.

A. NO CHANGE
B. most animals
C. animal researchers seek to discover why most animals
D. researchers do not know why most animals

54. Given that all the choices are true, which one best indicates the focus of this paragraph?

F. NO CHANGE
G. conditions are quite different in the ocean.
H. there is no evidence that bioluminescence has ever developed anywhere other than on planet Earth.
J. humans do not need bioluminescence, because we can use our intellect to manipulate our surroundings.

55.

A. NO CHANGE
B. green but
C. green; but
D. green but,

56.

F. NO CHANGE
G. In it's
H. Its'
J. It's

57.

A. NO CHANGE
B. organism's lights',
C. organisms' lights,
D. organisms lights,

58.

F. NO CHANGE
G. then lack of money will.
H. than lack of money.
J. as lack of money.

59. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined word would be LEAST acceptable?

A. fully explained.
B. accounted for.
C. transmitted.
D. cleared up.

60. Question below asks about the preceding passage as a whole.

Suppose the writer's goal had been to write a brief essay focusing on a fascinating evolutionary adaptation that can be found in multiple habitats. Would this essay accomplish this goal?

F. Yes, because fireflies exhibit the adaptation and live in trees.
G. Yes, because bioluminescence is described, and it occurs in both marine and non-marine habitats.
H. No, because fireflies cannot live in both air and water.
J. No, because all the habitats described exist on the same planet.