ACT English Practice Test 73: The Reappearance of the Ivory-billed Woodpecker

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


The following paragraphs may or may not be in the most logical order. You may be asked questions about the logical order of the paragraphs, as well as where to place sentences logically within any given paragraph.

The Reappearance of the Ivory-billed Woodpecker

[1]

In the student-also an avid hunter-stalked wild turkeys in the woods of Louisiana's Pearl River Wildlife Management Area. Turkey license in hand, he did not expect to discover declared extinct in 1994. The student's report of seeing a pair of ivory-billed woodpeckers to an exhaustive search for the supposedly lost species in the vast 35,000-acre wilderness.

[2]

Extensive logging and unregulated hunting in the 1800s decimated the population of the ivory-billed woodpecker in native habitat of the Southeastern United States. By the 1920s, had been given up as extinct. By 1938, however, around 20 individuals were known to exist in an isolated tract of old-growth forest in Louisiana. Despite pleas from four state governments and the National Audubon by 1944 the last known ivory-billed woodpecker had disappeared from the ruined habitat. The only evidence of the before its rediscovery at the end of the century was an unconfirmed recording of its distinctive call made in Texas in 1967.

[3]

[1] New hope of finding an ivory-billed woodpecker arose from the 1999 sighting. [2] [3] Evidence of active woodpeckers was found in markings and large cavities in tree trunks. [4] They made a sound recording originally believed to be the distinctive double-tap sound of the elusive it was likely the echoes from a gunshot. [5] In the end, existence of the ivory-billed woodpecker could not be proven. 10

[4]

[1] Subsequent deployment of remote listening devices and motion-sensing cameras finally gave scientists the evidence they needed to confirm existence of the a large woodpecker was videotaped. [2] Its were cited as evidence that the bird was indeed an ivory-billed woodpecker. [3] Furthermore, the Arkansas researchers noted evidence of active woodpeckers in markings on trees, and they also documented several bird sightings. [4] , further searches were conducted in secret, as was the rush by the privately funded Nature Conservancy to purchase potential woodpecker habitat in the Arkansas wilderness. [5] Additional audio evidence was gathered to support the claim of the bird's existence, and in 2005 a detailed report of the findings was published in a major scientific journal. [6] While there remain skeptics, the ornithology community now generally the existence of the ivory-billed woodpecker. [7] As such, it is no longer considered extinct, but rather extremely endangered.

1.

A. NO CHANGE
B. spring, of 1999, a university
C. spring of 1999 a university
D. spring of 1999; a university

2.

F. NO CHANGE
G. a bird that was even more rare, and also one that was
H. a far more rare bird that had been
J. a bird, which was far rarer, and that had been

3.

A. NO CHANGE
B. would eventually lead
C. was leading eventually
D. was eventually lead

4.

F. NO CHANGE
G. their
H. its
J. a

5.

A. NO CHANGE
B. the species, ivory-billed woodpeckers
C. ivory-billed woodpeckers, the species,
D. the species

6.

F. NO CHANGE
G. Society, logging began in the forest; and
H. Society, logging began, in the forest and,
J. Society logging, began, in the forest, and

7.

A. NO CHANGE
B. species' survival
C. survival of the species
D. surviving species'

8. Which of the alternatives best provides new, specific information about the search for the ivory-billed woodpecker?

F. NO CHANGE
G. A group of biologists searched the woods where the ivory-billed woodpecker had been spotted for almost a month in 2002.
H. After hearing of the sighting in 1999, Louisiana State University's biologists spent time searching for the ivory-billed woodpecker.
J. In 2002, biologists from Louisiana State University spent nearly a month in the Pearl River Wildlife Management Area searching for the bird.

9.

A. NO CHANGE
B. bird, but later determined
C. bird but determined later that
D. bird. Later determined,

10. Which of the following sequences of sentences will make Paragraph 3 most logical?

F. NO CHANGE
G. 1, 2, 5, 3, 4
H. 2, 1, 5, 3, 4
J. 1, 2, 4, 3, 5

11.

A. NO CHANGE
B. bird, in 2004
C. bird. In 2004
D. bird. It was in 2004

12.

F. NO CHANGE
G. wings, flight and plumage
H. wings flight and plumage
J. wings, flight, and plumage,

13.

A. NO CHANGE
B. The birdwatchers flooding was a fear
C. Fearing a flood of birdwatchers
D. The fear of flooding birdwatchers

14.

F. NO CHANGE
G. accepts
H. is accepting of
J. excepts

15. The writer wants to add the following sentence to Paragraph 4:

Approximately 15 sightings were reported in early 2004, all possibly of the same bird.

This sentence would most logically be placed:

A. before Sentence 1.
B. before Sentence 2.
C. after Sentence 2.
D. after Sentence 3.