ACT English Practice Test 78: An Island Speaks

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


An Island Speaks

For some, backpacking is the ultimate vacation. The wilderness has a way of cleansing the spirit. What was once now an essential part of my summer recreation. My passion for backpacking took hold many years ago when I crossed paths .

The infectious as he gazed out over Lake Superior. "By the shores of Gitche Gumee,/By the shining Big-Sea-Water,/Stood the wigwam of Nokomis,/Daughter of the Moon, Nokomis." He continued with more verses. "Have you read Longfellow's Song of Hiawatha?" . I had not.

"Read it," he replied, "and the passion that the native people had for this lake, this land. It was their lifeblood." I understood what he meant. In the wilderness both physical and spiritual sustenance can be found, so every step along the trail My goal in backpacking is no longer the destination. the people in Longfellow's epic, I now seek harmony with the Earth through immersion in its scenic riches.

After many summers on the trail, I've established my routine. I rise and retire with the sun. Sunrises and sunsets calm reflection. After breakfast and before dinner, I slowly walk around the area near my tent, taking note of the plants, animals, and minerals that surround me. If I'm to discover. Sometimes I find a fallen log or a huge boulder perfect for sitting upon and reflecting. In these times I surrender myself to the wilderness, allowing the sights, sounds, and smells to pass through me. 11

Sometimes what I write in the wilderness is poetry, other times prose. Years later I can look at my notepads to stir up vivid memories of my travels. This creative process has made backpacking rewarding. The backcountry stimulates both my primal instincts and high levels of creativity.

Nowhere else do I feel as rawly human. When photographs, I write. a picture isn't worth a thousand words. A journal of reflections imbued with nature's spectacle is far more valuable.

1.

A. NO CHANGE
B. for me, a tedious and tiring activity is
C. a tedious, tiring activity for me is
D. a tedious and tiring activity for me, is

2.

F. NO CHANGE
G. in the backcountry, with a hiker, of Isle Royale National Park
H. in the backcountry of Isle Royale National Park, with a hiker
J. in Isle Royale National Park (the backcountry) with a hiker

3.

A. NO CHANGE
B. excitement in his eyes was
C. excitement in his eyes-needless to say-was
D. excitement in his eyes, I considered to be

4.

F. NO CHANGE
G. he asked inquiring me
H. he asked
J. he asked of me

5.

A. NO CHANGE
B. you would feel
C. you felt
D. you will feel

6.

F. NO CHANGE
G. brings you closer, to peace.
H. brings you closer to peace.
J. brings, you closer, to peace.

7.

A. NO CHANGE
B. Now, like
C. Occasionally, like
D. Like

8.

F. NO CHANGE
G. preference
H. preferential
J. preferring

9.

A. NO CHANGE
B. are times for
C. times are for
D. are for time of

10.

F. NO CHANGE
G. lucky, there is a creek or a pond
H. lucky, there is a creek, or a pond
J. lucky there is a creek, or a pond,

11. Which of the following sentences, if added here, would best strengthen the tone of the essay while providing a transition into the next paragraph?

A. I once sat on the bank of a small creek for nearly an entire
day; I became so absorbed in my own musings that I completely lost all track of time.
B. I sometimes speculate about how much my surroundings have changed over time. Did a native person sit on this same boulder watching the sunrise, much like I am today?
C. I often find the sights around me to be the most thought provoking. A single autumn leaf changing from green to crimson inspires awe and wonder in me.
D. In silence, I ponder the natural system at play, and in occasional moments of lucidity, words pour from my brain to my hand to my notepad.

12.

F. NO CHANGE
G. it being
H. it's
J. they're

13.

A. NO CHANGE
B. immeasurable
C. immeasurably more
D. highly immeasurably

14.

F. NO CHANGE
G. others snapped
H. other's snap
J. other's are snapping

15.

A. NO CHANGE
B. (Do NOT begin a new paragraph) For me,
C. (Begin a new paragraph) Finally,
D. (Begin a new paragraph) Nevertheless,