ACT English Practice Test 85: Sacajawea: Girl Guide

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


The following paragraphs may or may not be in the most logical order. Each paragraph is numbered in brackets, and Question 45 will ask you to choose where Paragraph 4 should most logically be placed.

Sacajawea: Girl Guide

[1]

Probably one of the most well-known members of the Shoshone Indian tribe, Sacajawea may have been first introduction to the plight of the working mother. As depicted in numerous works of art, photos, and statues, Sacajawea Lewis and Clark on their expedition to the Pacific Ocean. From early April of 1805 until the summer of 1806, the 17-year-old Sacajawea and her infant son rode horseback across mountains and rivers from North Dakota to the west coast. She demonstrated a sense of calm and quiet determination throughout the trip, as reflected in journals kept by the other members of the tireless group.

She was always described as being helpful and unobtrusive, caring for her child while at times aiding the party in obtaining supplies and finding easier pathways through treacherous territory. 34

[2]

Sacajawea's early life was was stolen as a young girl from her Shoshone home by a rival tribe. Soon after, however, French-Canadian Toussaint Charbonneau bought Sacajawea and made her his wife. At age 16, she gave birth to her son and While historians often refer to Sacajawea as an official guide for this expedition, she was only included on because she was married to Charbonneau, a well-known fur trapper. Along the way, because of her familiarity with her homeland, she was able to serve as both an interpreter and an aid for finding shortcuts and easier routes.

[3]

At one point on this historic journey, Sacajawea with her Shoshone home and family. Although she found that members had perished, her surviving brother, Cameahwait, had become the chief of the Shoshone tribe. Sacajawea was able to negotiate with her brother for horses and for a map and guide so that they could press forward with their mission. 41

[4]

Controversy surrounds the end of Sacajawea's life. Some historians list 1812 as the year she died at the age of 25. Shoshone history, however, records Sacajawea as living the remainder of her life on the reservation where she was born and dying there at age 97.

[5]

Many of the personal narratives of this momentous trip refer to Sacajawea's demeanor and the oftentimes subtle role she played in the trip's success. One such account describes a river crossing in which Sacajawea's boat nearly capsized during a storm. As the boat tipped onto its side, Sacajawea carefully and calmly began retrieving the many books and precious instruments that fell into Fortunately, the items had been wrapped in waterproof material and remained intact. The group was convinced that all would have been lost had it not been for Sacajawea's methodical and composed actions.

[6]

1.

A. NO CHANGE
B. America
C. America's
D. Americas'

2. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would NOT be acceptable?

F. achieved fame for accompanying
G. being famous for accompanying
H. became famous for accompanying
J. is best remembered for accompanying

3.

A. NO CHANGE
B. her
C. those
D. DELETE the underlined portion.

4. At this point, the writer is considering adding the following true statement:

Clark was primarily responsible for calculating the daily distances traveled by the team.

Should the writer add this sentence here?

F. Yes, because it shows how meticulous Lewis and Clark were in their measurements.
G. Yes, because it is necessary to understanding the essay as a whole.
H. No, because it provides information that is included previously in the essay.
J. No, because it would distract readers from the main topic of the essay.

5. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would NOT be acceptable?

A. traumatic. She
B. traumatic, she
C. traumatic, in part because she
D. traumatic, partly because she

6. Which choice provides the most logical arrangement of the parts of this sentence?

F. NO CHANGE
G. her trek began shortly thereafter with her husband, son, and the Lewis and Clark party westward.
H. began her trek shortly thereafter westward with her husband, son, and the Lewis and Clark party.
J. shortly thereafter began her trek westward with her husband, son, and the Lewis and Clark party.

7.

A. NO CHANGE
B. its roster
C. its' roster
D. their roster,

8.

F. NO CHANGE
G. is being reunited
H. has been reunited
J. was reunited

9.

A. NO CHANGE
B. most - amazingly enough - of her immediate family
C. most of (she could not believe it) her immediate family
D. most of her immediate family

10.

F. NO CHANGE
G. supplies. In addition to
H. supplies. As well as
J. supplies, in addition to,

11. If the writer were to delete the last part of the preceding sentence (ending the sentence with a period after the word guide), the paragraph would primarily lose:

A. support for the essay's point about Sacajawea's importance to the continuation of the expedition.
B. a direct link to the first paragraph.
C. a humorous description of Sacajawea's negotiating skills.
D. an extensive digression about Sacajawea's relationship with her brother and other members of her family.

12.

F. NO CHANGE
G. one year of
H. the time of
J. DELETE the underlined portion.

13.

A. NO CHANGE
B. it.
C. the water.
D. DELETE the underlined portion.

14. Given that all the choices are true, which one most effectively concludes and summarizes the essay?

F. NO CHANGE
G. Expert guide and negotiator, Sacajawea appeared to live a long and prosperous life.
H. In addition to her navigational skills, Sacajawea was undeniably a great mother.
J. Despite the drama of her early life, Sacajawea remained calm and collected.

15. Question below asks about the preceding passage as a whole.

For the sake of the logic and coherence of the essay, Paragraph 4 should be placed:

A. where it is now.
B. after Paragraph 1.
C. after Paragraph 2.
D. after Paragraph 5.