ACT English Practice Test 89: The Fruit of the Vine

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


The Fruit of the Vine

It is difficult to imagine a human diet without tomatoes in some form, whether a fresh tomato right off the vine or in a spaghetti sauce over pasta. even when out of season and of inferior quality.

During the growing season, tomatoes of every variety abound in With tomatoes so readily available during the growing season, it's easy to run out of things to do with them. 18 Luckily, there are ways to use and enjoy this surplus of fresh tomatoes. range from a basic tomato salad (sliced tomatoes with oil and vinegar) to complicated sauces requiring hours to simmer and stew. Many cooks prefer to peel and deseed the using them in a cooking recipe. Peeling can be by first scoring one end of the tomato with a sharp knife, making a small crosshatch, and then dropping the fruit into boiling water for approximately 30 seconds. this method should be careful not to splash the hot water when placing the tomato into the pot. After the time is up, the cook can use tongs to remove the tomato from the boiling water and set it The skin can then be quickly removed with a sharp kitchen knife, and the tomato's seeds can be collected in a strainer. This is an important step,

Even green tomatoes harvested before the first frost can be ripened indoors or used in a green tomato tomatoes placed on a kitchen shelf will ripen nicely in just a short amount of time. Once a tomato is can be used for cooking or stored for later use. A fresh tomato won't last long, even in the refrigerator, so it's best to decide early on which tomatoes should become salsa or sauce and which should be served raw in a salad or sandwich. 28

There is truly only one way to eat a fresh tomato and experience its ultimate taste. Go into a garden, pluck a tomato off the vine, brush off any dirt, and then eat it like an apple. The Italians may have rejected the tomato when it was first introduced to their diets, believing it to be poisonous, but it certainly didn't take long to incorporate this delicious fruit into nearly every homemade dish. Biting into a freshly picked red tomato irrefutably explains why.

1.

F. NO CHANGE
G. Tomatoes have become a staple of the American kitchen,
H. With tomatoes becoming a staple of the American kitchen,
J. While tomatoes have become a staple of the American kitchen,

2.

A. NO CHANGE
B. grocery stores roadside stands and even on tables in front of peoples' homes.
C. grocery stores, roadside stands and, even on tables in front of peoples' homes.
D. grocery stores, roadside stands and, even, on tables in front of peoples' homes.

3. If the writer were to delete the phrase "With tomatoes so readily available during the growing season" from the preceding sentence, the paragraph would primarily lose:

F. a detail that more fully explains why a reader would need more tomato recipes.
G. information that explains why the writer likes tomatoes.
H. a comparison between tomatoes and other summer produce.
J. nothing at all, since the details about the availability of tomatoes is irrelevant to the paragraph.

4.

A. NO CHANGE
B. plenty of
C. plenty with
D. DELETE the underlined portion.

5. Given that all the choices are true, which one provides the best transition by providing specific information?

F. NO CHANGE
G. There are recipes that
H. Tomato recipes
J. Some recipes for using tomatoes

6.

A. NO CHANGE
B. tomatoes and
C. tomatoes, and
D. tomatoes before

7.

F. NO CHANGE
G. easy; accomplish
H. easily accomplishing
J. easily accomplish

8.

A. NO CHANGE
B. Whoever chooses
C. Whomever chose
D. Whoever chose

9.

F. NO CHANGE
G. aside. Until it is cooling enough to handle.
H. aside until it is cool enough to handle.
J. aside. Just until it is cool enough to handle.

10. Given that all the choices are true, which one concludes this paragraph with a point most consistent with other points made in this paragraph?

A. NO CHANGE
B. as the tomato seeds can be used to grow new plants.
C. as tomato seeds can be very slippery when they are wet.
D. as tomato seeds can sometimes add a bitter taste to a tomato dish.

11.

F. NO CHANGE
G. recipe green
H. recipe. Green
J. recipe, while green

12.

A. NO CHANGE
B. a bright, red, color, it
C. a bright red color it
D. a bright, red, color it

13. The writer is considering revising the phrase "which tomatoes should become salsa or sauce and which should be served raw in a salad or sandwich" in the preceding sentence to read:

which tomatoes should be prepared or cooked in a salsa or sauce and which should be left in their natural raw state, but sliced in a salad or sandwich.

F. Make the revision, because it adds details that clarify the point being made in this sentence.
G. Make the revision, because it emphasizes how important it is to choose fresh vegetables.
H. Keep the phrase as it is, because it's specific, whereas the proposed revision is ambiguous.
J. Keep the phrase as it is, because it's shorter and more concise than the proposed revision.

14.

A. NO CHANGE
B. it
C. anyone
D. them

15. Question below asks about the preceding passage as a whole.

Suppose the writer's goal had been to describe the many ways tomatoes can be used in modern cuisine. Does this essay successfully accomplish this goal?

F. Yes, because it describes many different tomato dishes and encourages the reader to try them.
G. Yes, because it makes a distinction between ancient and modern attitudes toward the tomato.
H. No, because it discusses tomatoes in a more general sense and includes other pieces of information.
J. No, because it only discusses cooking techniques and does not mention any recipes.