ACT English Practice Test 94: The Giant Panda

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


The Giant Panda

[1]

The Giant Panda is one of the best-known and most adored animals in the world. It is a very rare creature and is protected by law in native China, where the animal lives in the bamboo forests and on the mountain slopes.

Giant Pandas lived at lower altitudes, but farming and land development the animals high into the mountains. We really know very little about how wild Pandas live, since so few people have seen them in their natural habitat.

[2]

In fact, Giant Pandas extremely solitary animals, usually avoiding direct contact with other animals and even going out of their way to avoid other Giant Pandas. In habitat, the black and white coat of the Giant Pandas may help make them more conspicuous to each other, which keeps them from Even in captivity where there may be as many as ten to twelve of the animals occupying the same caged area, rarely will you see them play with or acknowledge each other. They will find an unoccupied place in the area and to munch on bamboo or other food items, seemingly totally oblivious of each other. However, at crucial stages in their lives, Giant Pandas must give up being loners for a short time. In the spring, males and females must seek each other out in order to mate.

[3]

Giant Pandas are known to begin mating when they reach Mating usually takes place sometime between the months of During this brief courtship period, Giant Pandas are highly vocal animals. The males as they try to intimidate each other. The female while the male remains on the ground fending off any Female Giant Pandas give birth between 95 and 160 days after mating. Their cubs are born in dens that in the ground.

[4]

29 Therefore, the Giant Panda is always a favorite at any zoo fortunate enough to have one. Its furry white and black body makes the Giant Panda appear cuddly and soft. It has a large, round head and a white face with black patches around the eyes. Giant Pandas have very thick, oily, woolly fur them warm in their natural cold, wet mountain habitat. Their fur is composed of two types of hairs: the top layer contains long, thick, coarse hairs, and a shorter, fine, dense, waterproof fur lies beneath. While Giant Panda cubs weigh just a few ounces when they are born, an adult Giant Panda can weigh 200 to 300 pounds and stand five to six feet tall.

1.

F. NO CHANGE
G. their
H. there
J. its

2. Which of the choices would be most appropriate here?

A. NO CHANGE
B. In the near future,
C. At the time,
D. Rarely,

3.

F. NO CHANGE
G. will push
H. have pushed
J. will be pushing

4.

A. NO CHANGE
B. are, by nature,
C. are, by nature
D. are by nature

5.

F. NO CHANGE
G. this dense
H. they're dense
J. their dense

6.

A. NO CHANGE
B. their neighbor's territory, encroaching upon it.
C. encroaching, and avoiding their neighbor's territory.
D. their neighbor's encroaching on their territory.

7.

F. NO CHANGE
G. sit down; content
H. sit down, content
J. sit down content

8.

A. NO CHANGE
B. an age of about six years old.
C. about six years in their age.
D. about six years of age.

9.

F. NO CHANGE
G. March and May.
H. March, and, May.
J. March and, May.

10.

A. NO CHANGE
B. barking and roaring
C. bark and roar
D. bark, and roaring

11.

F. NO CHANGE
G. trees in a perch
H. perching in a tree
J. perches in a tree

12.

A. NO CHANGE
B. potential rivals.
C. rivals, potentially.
D. potentially rivalry.

13.

F. NO CHANGE
G. it digs
H. the females dig
J. she digs

14. Which of the following offers the best introduction to Paragraph 4?

A. Due to the elusiveness of this fascinating creature, many people across the world have never seen a Giant Panda.
B. The Giant Panda is now considered a true bear.
C. Despite the dwindling natural habitat of the Giant Panda, scientists still attempt to study the animal in the wild.
D. The Giant Panda remains a difficult creature to study in the wild.

15.

F. NO CHANGE
G. that keeps
H. that's keeping
J. for to keep