ACT English Practice Test 95: Alfred Nobel

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


Alfred Nobel

How interesting that the Nobel Peace Prize Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite. A Swedish-born scientist, Alfred Nobel was the son of Immanuel Nobel, a brilliant and accomplished engineer. Born in 1833, Alfred quickly his father's footsteps, latching on to chemistry in particular. He to developing a myriad of materials and substances, patenting over 300 inventions throughout his lifetime.

Nobel's work with dynamite was obviously fraught with risk and danger and, indeed, Nobel lost his younger brother, Emil, to an explosion in their own laboratory. 34 Nobel knew that nitroglycerin, the basis for dynamite, had great potential as a useful substance, but he also knew that a big part of his work must resolve the safety

(1) Due to more stringent laws enacted in Stockholm regarding explosive materials, Nobel moved his lab and onto a barge in a nearby lake. (2) There he discovered to control how dynamite is detonated, and, subsequently, patented the blasting cap. (3) He also figured out how to safely transport nitroglycerin by converting it from a liquid into a paste. (4) Once Nobel had a safe, usable product, he established his company, Nitroglycerin AB, in 1864. (5) In little time, became useful to consumers, but he continued to work on many other inventions and products. (6) Among his many patents were synthetic versions of rubber, silk, and leather, all of which are still used today. 39

Nobel was also a scholar had In instructed his estate to to be given to outstanding contributors in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, and Peace. On December 10 each year, corresponding to Nobel's date of death, prizes are awarded to people from .

1.

A. NO CHANGE
B. is named
C. will be named for
D. was named

2.

F. NO CHANGE
G. followed in
H. was followed by
J. followed by

3.

A. NO CHANGE
B. devotion of his energy
C. devoted his energies
D. devoted of his energy

4. The writer wishes to include another example of the dangers of dynamite during Nobel's time. Which of the following true sentences, if inserted here, would best fulfill that goal?

F. Even today, safety precautions are required when working with dynamite.
G. Dynamite has many uses, from excavating for natural resources to imploding decayed buildings.
H. Many other less serious explosions also occurred in Nobel's laboratory, and grave danger was ever-present.
J. As a volatile liquid substance, nitroglycerin is highly explosive.

5.

A. NO CHANGE
B. issues.
C. issues, also.
D. issues, too.

6.

F. NO CHANGE
G. and took it out of the city
H. removing it out of the city
J. from out of the city

7.

A. NO CHANGE
B. the way that
C. away
D. how that

8.

F. NO CHANGE
G. Nobels' dynamite
H. Nobel's dynamite
J. DELETE the underlined portion.

9. Which of the following sequence of sentences makes this paragraph most logical?

A. NO CHANGE
B. 1, 3, 2, 4, 5, 6
C. 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1
D. 2, 4, 3, 1, 5, 6

10.

F. NO CHANGE
G. that
H. which
J. he

11. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would NOT be acceptable?

A. much interest in non-scientific areas.
B. great interest in subjects other than chemistry, his main area of study.
C. interesting literature, poetry, and social issues.
D. a healthy interest in other areas, such as literature and poetry.

12.

F. NO CHANGE
G. his, will he
H. his will he,
J. his will, he

13.

A. NO CHANGE
B. establish one annual prize
C. a prized establishment
D. established prizes

14.

F. NO CHANGE
G. of the esteemed
H. these esteemed
J. any of the esteemed

15.

A. NO CHANGE
B. everywhere, worldwide.
C. all over the world.
D. DELETE the underlined portion.