ACT English Practice Test 96: Construction Destruction

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


Construction Destruction

Watching a local construction project as it unfolds can evoke different emotions. A new subdivision of homes a once plot of land often devastates the natural beauty of the entire area. Many builders, however, will to maintain as much of the natural landscape as possible by keeping mature trees untouched . Despite this careful attention, construction damage to existing trees can wreak havoc that only appears years after the construction is complete.

Any disruption to a tree's root system, trunk, or main branches can often be tied to nearby construction. When considering the equipment used at construction sites, it is easy to understand why choose to flatten the land and start over with new plantings. During construction, much of the damage to existing trees occurs beneath the soil, which is why often not detected until much later. If 40 percent or more of a root system , the tree will probably die.

(1) Tree roots typically lie close to the surface of the soil and way beyond the circumference of the tree's canopy. (2) As the bulldozers, dump trucks, and cement trucks the soil, they can easily crush the tender roots below. (3) Compacting soil around the vital roots with the heavy the tree as well, 58 (4) Roots need air pockets around them in order to stay healthy. (5) Also, by adding fill dirt or topsoil, the roots suddenly become buried.

1.

F. NO CHANGE
G. a variety of many
H. many
J. many series of

2.

A. NO CHANGE
B. building on
C. built
D. built on

3. Which choice provides the most detailed image?

F. NO CHANGE
G. treed
H. woodsy
J. wooded

4.

A. NO CHANGE
B. take great cares
C. take great care
D. takes great care

5.

F. NO CHANGE
G. as is possible
H. whenever possible
J. DELETE the underlined portion.

6.

A. NO CHANGE
B. largely heavy
C. large heavily
D. heavy, largely

7.

F. NO CHANGE
G. some builders
H. some of them
J. some

8.

A. NO CHANGE
B. they are
C. its
D. this damage is

9.

F. NO CHANGE
G. can be lost
H. is lost
J. is to be lost

10.

A. NO CHANGE
B. does extend
C. extend
D. will extend

11.

F. NO CHANGE
G. drive over
H. drove over
J. had driven over

12.

A. NO CHANGE
B. equipment may destroy
C. equipment may destroy,
D. equipment; may destroy

13. The writer wishes to conclude this sentence with a phrase that would continue the explanation of the importance of a tree's root system. Which choice would best accomplish this?

F. since it is through the roots that a tree receives necessary oxygen, water, and minerals.
G. since roots are so important to the health of the tree.
H. since the tree cannot survive with damaged roots.
J. since roots are only one part of a tree's system.

14. Question below asks about the preceding passage as a whole.

For the sake of unity and coherence, Sentence 5 of the last paragraph should be placed:

A. where it is now.
B. immediately before Sentence 1.
C. immediately before Sentence 2.
D. immediately before Sentence 4.

15. Question below asks about the preceding passage as a whole.

Suppose that the writer has intended to write a brief essay discussing ways to prevent tree damage during construction. Does the essay successfully fulfill the assignment?

F. Yes, because the writer describes how trees are damaged by construction equipment and specifically states ways to prevent the damage.
G. Yes, because the essay's main focus is preventing tree damage during construction.
H. No, because the essay focuses only on construction equipment, not on prevention of tree damage.
J. No, because the essay focuses primarily on how trees can be damaged during construction, not on ways to prevent damage.