ACT English Practice Test 97: Body Armor

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.


Body Armor

If you were an officer of the law or an armed military person, would you prefer to wear a "bullet-proof vest" or "soft body armor" under your ?

would probably opt for the bullet-proof vest, as its name tends to denote a higher level of security. The problem, though, is that no "bullet-proof vest" In fact, there is no protective clothing currently available that offers complete protection from firearms.

As weaponry and ammunition have changed through have the materials from which protective clothing is made. During the black powder era of the 1700s, silk was the material to ward off injury or death from a black powder ball. Black powder propels the projectiles much more slowly than do modern firearms, and silk was sometimes fairly effective protection against weapons at longer ranges. During World War II, the "flak jacket" was developed as a protective device. the best this attire could do was to protect the wearer from shrapnel, not from the bullets themselves. protective vests are made from a variety of synthetic materials, some of which are than others. The idea is to produce a material that is strong enough to ward off high-speed bullets yet light enough to allow for ease of movement. This can be a daunting task when cost is also considered, 69

Most people have the notion that protective gear causes a bullet to deflect off a Ping-Pong ball hitting the lid of a tin can. However, these vests actually absorb the impact of the its energy around the body .

the layers of the vest's material will stop the bullet from entering the body. However, the vest's wearer is very likely to sustain bruises .

Most police officers and military personnel are happy to don their protective clothing as they head out on their assignments. However, they know better than anyone that their safety and security cannot be completely to their protective gear.

1.

A. NO CHANGE
B. street clothes
C. jacket
D. uniform

2.

F. NO CHANGE
G. Most people
H. Most of all people
J. Most all persons

3.

A. NO CHANGE
B. prevents bullets.
C. isn't really bullet-proof.
D. like those worn by police officers, is really bullet-proof.

4.

F. NO CHANGE
G. the centuries,
H. the centuries, so too
J. the centuries so

5. The best placement for the underlined portion would be

A. where it is now.
B. before the word silk.
C. at the end of the sentence.
D. after the word death.

6.

F. NO CHANGE
G. Nevertheless,
H. Unfortunately,
J. Therefore,

7.

A. NO CHANGE
B. Today's recent
C. In today's modern times
D. Today's

8.

F. NO CHANGE
G. more effective
H. affecting
J. affectively more

9. Which of the following true statements, if added here, would best serve as a further explanation of the idea presented in the preceding sentence?

A. since most heavy materials are too bulky for easy movement.
B. as it takes a great deal of study and research to develop new ideas.
C. since this type of material is never inexpensive to develop or produce.
D. as most military personnel and police officers cannot afford to purchase their own equipment.

10.

F. NO CHANGE
G. of it. In fact, sort of like
H. of it, almost sort of like
J. it, like

11.

A. NO CHANGE
B. bullet, spreading
C. bullet. Spreading
D. bullet; spreading

12.

F. NO CHANGE
G. sustaining itself
H. having been sustained locally
J. DELETE the underlined portion.

13. Which choice best shows that body armor does not always prevent injury or death?

A. NO CHANGE
B. In the best-case scenario,
C. Most of the time,
D. Almost always,

14. The writer is considering deleting the underlined portion. If the writer chooses to delete this phrase, the paragraph would primarily lose a statement that suggests:

F. wearing protective gear does not necessarily ensure that there will be a lack of serious injury.
G. wearing protective clothing ensures that there will be absolute safety from serious injury.
H. wearing protective gear always protects the wearer from death.
J. a wearer of protective gear will probably only sustain bruises.

15.

A. NO CHANGE
B. trusting
C. entrusted
D. by trust