ACT reading practice test 7

DIRECTIONS: Each passage is followed by several questions. After reading a passage, choose the best answer to each question and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. You may refer to the passages as often as necessary.

HUMANITIES: This passage is adapted from John Gattuso, ed., Native America (©1993, Houghton Mifflin Co.).

1. Which of the following statements best expresses the main idea of the passage?

A. Many Native American tribes created totem poles with meaningful symbols, but these poles were less important than the canoes carved before the mid-18th century.
B. Although the Tlingit village was deserted, the Seattle businessmen who took the totem pole were not right to take it without permission.
C. The history of totem pole carving dates back to only the mid-18th-century, but these poles have played an important role in Native American culture since that time.
D. The ban issued by the Canadian and United States governments against potlatches was lifted in the 1950s, but interest in totem-pole carving had diminished by that time.

2. Which of the following questions is NOT answered in the passage?

F. In terms of geographical region, which were the first groups to carve totem poles?
G. What is the tallest totem pole in North America?
H. What is the predominant use of the small totem poles carved today?
J. What prevented Native American tribes from carving totem poles before the 18th century?

3. The passage suggests that one of the main purposes of totem poles is the way in which they:

A. demonstrate the artistic skill of the carvers.
B. function as landmarks in major North American cities.
C. document the history and mythology of various clans.
D. complement the festivities of the potlatch.

4. The main function of the sixth paragraph (lines 49-59) is to:

F. identify the origins of the stories behind every image on a totem pole.
G. describe and explain some of the images that might appear on a totem pole.
H. contrast the images on the totem poles of the Northwest natives with those of British Columbia and Alaska.
J. explain the role of the Raven in Native American mythology.

5. All of the following are used in the passage as illustrations of the role totem poles play in Native American culture EXCEPT the:

A. function of the top figure on the pole.
B. descriptions of the Raven and Frog as characters on the pole.
C. reference to the popularity of totem poles in the tourist industries of many tribes.
D. placement of the Tlingit totem pole in Seattle's Pioneer Square.

6. The second paragraph (lines 10-20) establishes all of the following about the totem poles carved by the coastal tribes of the far north EXCEPT that they were:

F. initially used as the entryways of houses.
G. fashioned from tall, straight trees.
H. used to identify the owners of the poles.
J. produced only by clans with family crests.

7. One of the main points of the fifth paragraph (lines 39-48) is that the various characters on a totem pole are meant to represent:

A. the owner of the totem pole.
B. the lore of the owner's clan.
C. Raven, the trickster, fooling the Creator.
D. Frog wooing a human woman.

8. According to the passage, which of the following places is home to the Tlingit?

F. Seattle
G. Western Canada
H. Pioneer Square
J. Alaska

9. The author most likely includes the information in lines 60-63 to suggest that:

A. totem poles are notable for reasons beyond physical beauty.
B. totem poles have replaced books for Native American tribes.
C. Native American tribes have no spoken or written language.
D. the descendants of the original carvers of totem poles carve copies of older poles.

10. Which of the following words best describes the attitude of the employers referred to in the third paragraph (lines 21-30) in reaction to potlatches?

F. Patient
G. Accepting
H. Irritated
J. Civilized