ACT reading practice test 10

DIRECTIONS: Each passage is followed by several questions. After reading a passage, choose the best answer to each question and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. You may refer to the passages as often as necessary.

SOCIAL SCIENCE: This passage is adapted from the article “From Kiva Han to Caribou Coffee” by Alan C. Thorwald in the collection A Social History of Joe (? 2008 by Grantalventi Books).

1. According to the passage, when did the United States begin to influence the character of coffeehouses?

A. After World War II, when the automobile began to change the nature of public spaces
B. Prior to the rise of anti-royalist political scheming
C. When the number of coffeehouses began to exceed the number of residential homes
D. After the introduction of the wi-fi revolution

2. The main idea of the passage is that:

F. coffeehouses originated in the Middle East in the fifteenth century as coffee was increasingly imported by traders, but today, North American coffeehouses are increasingly seen as more authentic.
G. coffee has been a very popular beverage throughout history, having been consumed by people from many continents over the course of many centuries.
H. coffeehouses are useful indicators of the shifting nature of social communication and cultural norms.
J. coffeehouses have always served to preserve traditional values and social and professional hierarchies.

3. Information in the second paragraph (lines 8-21) makes it clear that coffeehouses in sixteenth-century Constantinople:

A. began to appear after the fall of the Ottoman Empire.
B. were not commonly used for activities other than drinking coffee.
C. were the first places where the local population could purchase coffee.
D. were viewed by many local men as good places to listen to music or poetry.

4. The main idea of the third paragraph (lines 22-45) is that:

F. in seventeenth-century England, many servants enjoyed the freedom and opportunity to work with their employers to open their own businesses.
G. the growing popularity of coffeehouses in Europe by the eighteenth century was due in part to the accessibility the coffeehouses offered to men of different social strata.
H. because it was extremely inexpensive to enter a coffeehouse and purchase a cup of coffee, the beverage became popular among university students.
J. Venice's coffeehouses were more authentic than London's because Venice used its trade routes to the Middle East to import tea and spices as well as coffee.

5. The passage states that the original character of British coffeehouses changed in the late eighteenth century insofar as the coffeehouses:

A. began as male-only institutions but later admitted women.
B. started to serve coffees imported from parts of the world other than Turkey.
C. began to cater to specific occupations and political groups.
D. started to feature exotic imports such as Naugahyde.

6. As it is used in lines 68-69 to describe googie architecture, the phrase "brightly lit, almost garishly colored" most nearly means that the décor in American coffeehouses:

F. allowed customers to be able to see each other better.
G. offered a forum for social relationships.
H. was deemed tacky by the clientele found in European coffeehouses.
J. was a symbol of America's belief in a bright and hopeful future.

7. According to the passage, googie architecture in the United States:

A. is famous for its brass railings and mahogany booths.
B. was mainly inspired by the architecture of European coffeehouses.
C. can be found in the urban areas of Southern California.
D. is a popular architectural style for playgrounds in Las Vegas.

8. According to the passage, which development contributed to the creation of the drive-in coffee shop?

F. The push to create new work spaces for business people
G. New laws for operating European-style coffeehouses
H. A lack of physical space in cities
J. The rise of the automobile in American life

9. According to the passage, what is one criticism of the "wi-fi revolution" as it relates to coffeehouses?

A. Unreliable technology makes coffeehouses poor substitutes for conventional offices.
B. Conducting business in coffeehouses represents a problematic intrusion into other parts of personal life.
C. Working on computers isolates customers from one another, betraying the original communicative ideals of the coffeehouse.
D. Office workers stay so long in coffeehouses that getting a seat there is difficult.

10. The passage most strongly suggests that today:

F. the coffeehouse is a unique institution in the way that it combines commerce and culture.
G. contemporary coffeehouses reflect Americans' changing ideas of the workplace.
H. coffee has become more influential across the world than has tea or tobacco.
J. if not for coffeehouses, architects would not have been able to develop novel designs for public buildings.