ACT reading practice test 14

DIRECTIONS: Each passage is followed by several questions. After reading a passage, choose the best answer to each question and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. You may refer to the passages as often as necessary.

SOCIAL SCIENCE: This passage is excerpted from "Record Lows" by Clarence Tetley. The article comes from the book Can Music Survive the Digital Revolution? by Clarence Tetley and Lawrence Twinnings (? 2008 by Clarence Tetley).

1. According to the passage, which of the following is an accurate statement regarding the number of record stores?

A. Since the rise of digital music sales in 2003, over nine hundred stores have gone out of business.
B. Twenty to thirty percent of record stores that specialize in 8-track, vinyl, tape, and cassette are expected to close in the next ten years.
C. Before the rise of digital music in 2003, there were fewer than 2,000 independent stores in business.
D. Over the next ten years, another 900 stores are expected to perish.

2. Which of the following best describes the silver lining described in the last paragraph (line 76)?

F. Older, more technologically savvy men are relieved that innovations in downloading allow them to no longer have to travel to record stores.
G. Record stores have been forced to become cheaper and more efficient in a desperate attempt to lure superstore customers back.
H. The improved marketing of posters and album covers has been found to discourage the practice of digital downloads.
J. Older men who savor the experience of shopping at record stores remain a loyal customer base for record store owners.

3. In the context of the passage the phrase "downright prehistoric" (line 35) is used to support the idea that:

A. older men cannot find music in 8-track, vinyl, tape, or cassette formats in most record stores.
B. downloading digital music to an MP3 player offers a size and capacity that the CD format cannot match.
C. the downloading speed of most computers is too sluggish to appeal to consumers.
D. young people would buy more CDs if the CDs were reduced in size.

4. It can reasonably be inferred from the passage that Spelling has which of the following attitudes toward consumers who have stopped using record stores?

F. They do not share any interests with the type of inquisitive shoppers who go to record stores not knowing what they want.
G. They will not find any sense of community in buying their music online since there will be no cashier to talk to while ringing up their sale.
H. They are correct in believing that record stores do not always have the best prices available for a given CD.
J. They are chiefly to blame for the hardships facing record stores, despite the fact that many people blame superstores instead.

5. In the context of the passage, the first paragraph is intended to:

A. criticize Spelling's record store for failing to keep up with the modern music market.
B. explain the lack of interest most music consumers have in collectibles.
C. demonstrate that even record stores with valuable and rare merchandise are struggling.
D. suggest that record store owners do not really understand real estate.

6. It can be reasonably inferred from the passage that before 1999, consumers purchasing their music over the internet led to digital downloads reducing CD sales by:

F. less than 20 percent.
G. between 20 and 25 percent.
H. between 25 and 30 percent.
J. more than 30 percent.

7. According to the passage, what enables superstores to be able to sell products at small or even non-existent profit margins is:

A. the significant amount of capital required to build such a superstore.
B. the expectation of selling higher quantities of merchandise than smaller stores.
C. the greater number they can carry due to their warehouse sizes.
D. the ambitiousness of the economic planners who crafted their business models.

8. According to the passage, what effect has Sam Walton had on the record store industry?

F. Record stores have based their business models on one he created.
G. He tried to change the record store industry's model of community.
H. He was one of the record store industry's most passionate critics.
J. He was involved in the evolution of the superstore, which is a competitor of record stores.

9. The passage offers all of the following as reasons modern consumers might not shop at record stores EXCEPT:

A. a higher price tag on goods available more cheaply elsewhere.
B. a fear of being unwelcome in a community of music "experts."
C. a preference for a different format of music than the CD.
D. the ability to buy music, groceries, and clothing all at once.

10. The author states that superstores will recover their initial building costs:

F. once all their capital is invested.
G. once all their goods are purchased.
H. once the store finally opens.
J. several years after the store has opened.