ACT Reading Practice Test 52: social science

DIRECTIONS: Each passage is followed by several questions. After reading a passage, choose the best answer to each question and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. You may refer to the passages as often as necessary.

SOCIAL SCIENCE: This passage is adapted from the article, "When Charities Need Help" by Ellen Wurtner, (©2009 by Ellen Wurtner).

1. The passage indicates that in their attempt to promote philanthropy, religious institutions provide all of the benefits or services EXCEPT:

A. instructing homeless people on how to live moral lives.
B. collecting alms for the poor from churchgoers.
C. organizing events that feed those who are hungry.
D. providing temporary relief from suffering related to lack of shelter.

2. The author mentions clothing-recycling drop boxes and celebrity endorsements as two examples of:

F. philanthropic approaches that are gaining popularity.
G. problems Stumbacher cites with modern philanthropy.
H. ways Karen Pitts has raised money for the needy.
J. the best way to reverse environmental problems.

3. The main function of the first paragraph is to:

A. urge people to feel sympathy for and generosity towards homeless people.
B. cause the reader to picture himself in a charitable giving context.
C. discuss typical methods of charity and imply an alternative.
D. argue that the traditional methods of charity do nothing.

4. As the author describes it, when the churchgoing public performs charity through its religious organizations, it feels:

F. severe guilt.
G. moral superiority.
H. reluctant shame.
J. augmented pride.

5. When Karen Pitts talks about "other activities they enjoy" (line 49), she is most likely referring to:

A. finding positive promotional contexts for wineries in their community.
B. partaking in social events such as that of a wine tasting.
C. giving tens of thousands of dollars to charities that Pitts represents.
D. finding win-win opportunities with other donors in the wine industry.

6. The author most likely places the words market share in quotation marks in (line 30) to:

F. suggest that only big corporations understand how to build a successful business model.
G. imply a different sense of market share from that of corporations seeking to maximize their profits.
H. emphasize that nonprofit entities must learn to coexist with each other to avoid collective failure.
J. caution readers that nonprofits can also sometimes attain a monopoly in their markets.

7. Stumbacher feels that religious organizations often provide only a temporary reprieve from suffering (line 17–18) due to their:

A. inability to boost the self-esteem of the impoverished.
B. failure to address the systemic roots of poverty.
C. overemphasis on noble ends.
D. lack of branding and celebrity endorsements.

8. According to the passage, which of the following is true about the practices of the Acumen Fund?

F. Its method of distributing funds is less typical than its method of collecting funds.
G. It attempts but fails to treat the systemic roots of poverty.
H. It endeavors to temporarily relieve impoverished people of their suffering.
J. It collects most of its donations from small third-world businesses.

9. The passage mentions which of the following as a reason some innovative philanthropic approaches are effective?

A. They integrate charity with activities the recipients enjoy.
B. They do not temporarily relieve suffering.
C. They are less expensive than traditional methods.
D. They can adapt to specific local needs.

10. In the context of the tenth paragraph (lines 81–86), the statement in lines 75–77 most nearly means that:

F. new modes of providing charity will succeed only in large measures.
G. philanthropists do not have a realistic sense of the scale of some problems.
H. some ways of doing business locally may not work similarly globally.
J. large communities tend to have similar needs to those of smaller communities.