ACT Reading Practice Test 68: Social Science - Julius Cadsar and the Fall of the Roman Republic

DIRECTIONS: Each passage is followed by several questions. After reading a passage, choose the best answer to each question and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. You may refer to the passages as often as necessary.

1. The author most nearly characterizes the role Julius Caesar plays in the fall of the Roman Republic as one that:

A. takes advantage of past conflicts to promote his own ideals.
B. contradicts the efforts of the Gracchi brothers.
C. supports the Republic despite its faults.
D. idealizes the position of the wealthy landed nobility.

2. The main idea of the first paragraph is that the Julius Caesar:

F. was the founder of the Roman Empire.
G. was the grand-uncle of Augustus Caesar, who founded the Roman Empire.
H. exploited the political problems at the end of the Roman Republic for his own gain.
J. was the most successful Roman politician and general.

3. The author uses the remark "farmers who, by law, had to own a minimum number of acres to join the military service" (lines 18–19) primarily as an example of:

A. the kind of useless requirements made by the Roman military.
B. the ancient Romans' preoccupation with farming.
C. the clash between ancient Roman agricultural society and the wealthy elite.
D. the close traditional relationship between farming and military service.

4. The author indicates the common factor leading to the murders of the Gracchus Brothers was:

F. aristocratic fear of political reform.
G. mob violence due to political corruption.
H. aristocratic desire to reform the political system.
J. the inability of Roman senators to rent cheap land.

5. By his statement in lines 60–63, the author most nearly means that, unlike in past armies, in Marius's army:

A. soldiers tried to set a precedent for Julius Caesar.
B. ability meant more than social class.
C. nobility were often put in charge of lower-class soldiers.
D. rank was based only on popularity.

6. The author cites all of the following as actions of Cornelius Sulla EXCEPT:

F. strengthening the power of the Senate against the Assembly.
G. establishing himself as Dictator.
H. peacefully resigning his dictatorship.
J. successfully uniting his allies and opponents during his dictatorship.

7. The author uses the events listed in lines 81–85 primarily to:

A. show Julius Caesar as a true political reformer, despite his family connections to the aristocracy.
B. imply that Julius Caesar exploited his political connections for his own gain.
C. imply that Julius Caesar had no choice but to support his uncle, Marius.
D. show that the grain supply was an important basis of power in the Roman Republic.

8. The author implies that prominent Roman politicians who tried to limit the aristocratic power of the senators often were:

F. eventually assassinated.
G. promoted to Dictator.
H. exiled to foreign countries.
J. generals in the Roman army.

9. Which of the following is NOT listed in the passage as a political reform in the Roman Republic?

A. Redistributing public land to retired soldiers.
B. Protecting the grain supply for the unemployment dole.
C. Extending political rights to the lower classes.
D. Eliminating slavery in the Republic.

10. The author calls which of the following a result of political chaos?

F. The murder of the Gracchus Brothers.
G. The rise of Cornelius Sulla as Dictator of Rome.
H. The rise of Augustus Caesar as Emperor of Rome.
J. The need for retired soldiers to receive unemployment payments.