ACT Writing Essay Sample: Globalization

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Globalization

Improved travel and communication networks have the potential to transform the world population into a single, global society. We can now travel across the globe in a matter of hours. The internet enables us to spread ideas and share cultural norms instantly. Many of the products we use every day are produced on the other side of the world. Globalization can be seen as beneficial, but is generally thought of as a more complicated issue. Given the accelerating pace of globalization, what are the implications it could have for humanity?

Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about increasing globalization.

Perspective One

As the development of a single world culture becomes a real possibility, we risk losing the diversity that makes life interesting. As people become more similar, the unique elements that identify various cultures will be lost in global melting pot.

Perspective Two

The ability to cheaply ship goods across the planet makes necessities and luxuries more affordable to all. Increased product affordability leads to an increase in the quality of life for millions of people globally.

Perspective Three

Globalization brings greater interaction between countries, which could lead to more conflict. The more we interact with other cultures, the more our differences and disagreements will be emphasized. It would be better for cultures to be more isolated from one another in order to exist harmoniously.

Essay Task

Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the question of the implications increased globalization may have on humanity. In your essay, be sure to:

-analyze and evaluate the perspectives given

-state and develop your own perspective on the issue

-explain the relationship between your perspective and those given

Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples.


Essay Sample

It's a Small World, after all.

Not only is this an awesome ride at Disneyland, but it's also the reality of the world we live in today. Borders are disappearing, commerce is expanding internationally, and our world is getting smaller. Improved travel and communication have brought people together from all walks of life, and globalization has the potential to solve many of the problems we face today. As people begin to learn more about each other and the backgrounds from which we all come, tolerance will increase and war will decrease.

Some believe that globalization will ultimately result in our world's unique cultures losing elements key to their identities. Perspective 1 discusses the possibility that as cultures combine, the resulting melting pot will lack the character of our current world societies. While globalization definitely introduces cultures to new foods, clothing, and ideas, there is no danger of complete homogenization. In fact, the spread of ideas increases diversity, exposing people in different parts of the world to things they otherwise wouldn't have known about, without necessarily removing the current ideas. Bringing crepes to the United States doesn't mean we stop eating cheeseburgers, just as bringing Old Navy to India does not mean residents of New Delhi will stop wearing saris. While these are fairly superficial examples, they make a clear point that simply introducing a new idea doesn't preclude people from also keeping the old idea. On a bigger scale, more problems can be solved as ideas and innovations spread from culture to culture. The lack of clean water in Africa is a major crisis, and inventors world-wide, from Italy to Peru to the United States, are working on innovations that will help improve the situation. Without the spread of ideas brought forth by globalization, there would be no hope for those suffering from a lack of clean water.

Perspective 3 argues that increased interaction will result in increased tensions between cultures. While this may be true in some circumstances, the overall effect of those cultural interactions would be a positive one. A lack of knowledge about a culture can often result in false impressions, fear and distrust, and unhelpful stereotypes. Someone without a good working knowledge of another culture might assume stereotypes are true, and think all Swiss are punctual and boring while all Germans love cars and beer. In reality, a culture is not defined by how it's stereotyped, and one benefit of globalization is an increased knowledge of other cultures. High school and college student exchange programs, international corporations, and even social media allow individuals from different cultures to meet and get to know each other, fostering a richer sense of global community with more authentic interactions.

As our global population grows and spreads, there will be problems that arise. However, by taking advantage of the opportunities to learn more about each other and share resources, globalization can also help solve some of those same problems.

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