ACT english practice test 5

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.

Jimmy Carter, Humanitarian


Everyone has heard of Jimmy Carter. As president of the United States from 1977 to 1981. He61 oversaw a particularly turbulent time in American history. Americans taken hostage in the Middle East, serious inflation woes, major gasoline shortages around the country, and a tenuous relationship with a potential enemy-the Soviet Union-62are hardly the stuff of pleasant memories.


Yet even though Carter held Americas most,63 powerful office, he will probably be remembered more for the work he64 has done since he left the White House. His record on humanitarian issues around the world sets him apart as a caring, dedicated person who wants to see the underprivileged, those of low economic or social status,65 benefit from the great wealth, power, and generosity of this country.


One of the major issues Carter has focused on throughout his career is peace in the Middle East. He questioned66 a national energy policy designed to reduce American dependence long before it was popular to do so on foreign oil67 and brokered a peace treaty between Israel and Egypt. Likewise, he was among the first to insist publicly on basic human rights for everyone around the world, founding68 a non-profit organization, The Carter Center, to work toward that end. In his opinion, this includes extending modern health care to developing nations in order to contain disease and improve quality of life around the world, in many different countries.69


[1] Carter works actively to improve the standard of living at home here in the United States70 as well. [2] He and his wife Roslyn are enthusiastic supporters of Habitat for Humanity. [3] This volunteer-based organization devotes itself to building affordable but quality housing for those who otherwise might not be able to buy a home. [4] However, Carter does not focus abroad all his efforts.71 [5] Community workers come together on their own free time to construct, paint, and landscape simple homes, working side-by-side with the families that will occupy the residences.


For all these reasons, Carter deserves respect for dedicating his career to public service. Everyone can agree for73 his impressive philanthropy and acknowledge his obvious devotion to all of humanity.74


B. 1981 but he
C. 1981, and he
D. 1981, he


G. enemy the Soviet Union-
H. enemy the Soviet Union
J. enemy-the Soviet Union


B. held America's most,
C. held America's most
D. held Americas, most


G. himself
H. him
J. itself


B. underprivileged, who may not have many resources,
C. underprivileged
D. underprivileged, who have less than others in society,


G. promoted
H. purchased
J. rejected

67. The best placement for the underlined portion would be:

A. where it is now.
B. after the word designed.
C. after the word dependence.
D. after the word was.

68. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would NOT be acceptable?

F. world, and he found
G. world, and he founded
H. world, so he founded
J. world and founded


B. world.
C. world, both east and west of the United States.
D. world, including countries on every continent except Antarctica.


G. at home, not just abroad,
H. at home, within the area over which he was president,
J. at home,


B. focus all his efforts abroad.
C. focus all abroad his efforts.
D. focus all his abroad efforts.

72. For the sake of the logic and coherence of this paragraph, Sentence 4 should be placed:

F. where it is now.
G. before Sentence 1.
H. after Sentence 2.
J. after Sentence 5.


B. agree to
C. agree by
D. agree with

74. Which choice would best help this sentence to summarize key points made in the essay?

G. he should have been president for a second term.
H. he has the right to express his opinions as much as any other American.
J. he clearly didn't want the hostages to be harmed.

75. This question asks about the preceding passage as a whole.

Upon reviewing notes for this essay, the writer comes across the following true statement:

Habitat does more than build houses: it builds communities.

If the writer were to use this sentence, the most logical place to add it would be at the end of Paragraph:

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4