ACT english practice test 11

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.

Hats: On My Head, On My Mind

I do not remember how I came to like wearing a hat. Friends view it as an odd habit of mine, since so few people wear hats today. I think my fondness for hats comes down to the desire to proclaim1 what type of person I am. Telling the world what kind of person resides directly below its brim is one of the principal jobs of any hat worth the name.

Even if we are not supposed to judge a book by its cover, we very often judge a person by his or her hat. In a narrow sense, a top hat indicates to all that you are a magician, just as a mortarboard and tassel tells the world you just graduated. More generally,3 a cowboy hat may say you are the strong, silent type, while a beret suggests, you are artistic and creative.4 We even use hats as a kind of code for moral character, letting "white hats" and "black hats" serve as metaphors for "good guys" and "bad guys." Hats show way up5 in our figures of speech as well. Home is where you hang your hat, while declaring your desire to win a position is throwing your hat into the ring. How could anyone not want to wear a hat, especially because it makes your hair messy?6

A hat can do even more things in everyday life. Deserving7 congratulations, I say that my hat is off to them—and then I can literally do exactly that. When someone has exciting news for me, he can tell me to hold on to my hat, if the news8 has to be kept secret, I can promise to keep it under my hat. He could even tell me to remain calm and not be a mad hatter.

Maybe the real reason I like wearing a hat, however, has to do with getting away from everyday life. What I find so interesting is the possibility of using a hat,10 to make myself more like someone very different from my everyday self. A fedora helps me to think of me11 as more of a street-smart tough-guy private eye. Another hat, appropriately battered, helps me feel like a daring adventurer his12 search for fabulous treasures will succeed against all odds.

On my last birthday, my family that13 gave me a Napoleon hat. I wonder, what are they trying to tell me?

1. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined word would NOT be acceptable?

A. announce
B. declare
C. compare
D. advertise

2. The writer is considering deleting the preceding sentence from the essay. Should the sentence be kept or deleted?

F. Kept, because it establishes the theme of this paragraph, the ways in which hats symbolize things about people and their actions.
G. Kept, because it establishes the narrator's love of hats.
H. Deleted, because the information it contains is contradicted in the previous sentence.
J. Deleted, because the narrative is more interesting if readers are left to draw their own conclusions about the ways in which they personally interpret hats.


B. (Do NOT begin new paragraph) Thus, as a general rule
C. (Begin new paragraph) Generally,
D. (Begin new paragraph) For example,


G. suggests you are artistic, and creative.
H. suggests, you are artistic, and creative.
J. suggests you are artistic and creative.


B. up
C. features
D. DELETE the underlined portion.

6. Given that all the choices are true, which one most strongly reinforces the author's attitude toward hats as it has been conveyed up to this point in the essay?

G. when it may cost a substantial amount?
H. although you may forget one in a restaurant?
J. when it can do so much?


B. As they are deserving
C. When people deserve
D. To deserve


G. my hat, although the event
H. my hat. If the news
J. my hat, especially when it

9. At this point, the writer is considering adding the following true statement:

"Mad hatter" properly refers to the many nineteenth-century hat makers who suffered extensive neurological damage after they were exposed to the toxic mercury fumes then utilized in hat construction.

Should the writer make this addition here?

A. Yes, because it helps support the idea that the author has affection for hats.
B. Yes, because it provides a striking parallel between the author's interest in hats and Lewis Carroll's.
C. No, because many individuals in the nineteenth century besides hat-makers were exposed to poisonous fumes.
D. No, because its historical explanation of the scientific origins of the image of mad hatters does not fit with the essay to this point.


G. possibility of using a hat
H. possibility, of using a hat
J. possibility, of using a hat,


B. myself
C. my own self
D. I


G. whose
H. pursuing a
J. making a


B. are those who
C. were among who
D. DELETE the underlined portion.

14. The writer is considering concluding the essay with the following statement:

Ultimately, a hat on your head guarantees a song in your heart.

Should the writer end the essay with this statement?

F. Yes, because it restates the central idea of the essay in a memorable way.
G. Yes, because hats have many uses.
H. No, because the preceding sentence expressed the same idea using different words.
J. No, because it does not have a meaningful connection to the central theme of this essay.

15. This question asks about the preceding passage as a whole.

Suppose one of the writer's goals had been to indicate that items of clothing can be used to communicate things, literally and figuratively, about their wearers. Would this essay have fulfilled that goal?

A. Yes, because the essay reveals that the narrator uses hats to express his feelings and present himself as different kinds of people.
B. Yes, because the essay reveals that hats have been symbols of royalty and power for centuries.
C. No, because the essay indicates that the narrator prefers to wear hats from popular culture instead of history.
D. No, because the essay establishes that the narrator's attitude toward hats may not be shared by his family and friends.