ACT english practice test 28

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.

The following paragraphs may or may not be in the most logical order. Each paragraph is numbered in brackets, and question 45 will ask you to choose where Paragraph 3 should most logically be placed.

The Palio of Siena


Siena is an old, picturesque city located in the hills of Tuscany. Even though31 its inhabitants live modern lives, many historical markers from as far back as medieval Italy still remain throughout the city. Another remnant from Siena's rich history that still plays a very prominent role today is the tradition of Il Palio.


Il Palio di Siena is a biannual horse race that is held twice a year,33 once in July and once in August. A field of ten bareback horses races three laps around a dangerously steep track circling the city's central plaza, the Piazza del Campo, each with two dreaded right-angle turns.34 Even though Il Palio lasted35 only about 90 seconds, its importance in Siena goes far beyond the race itself.


Members are fiercely committed emotionally, socially, and financially to their own contrada. Because the members36 voluntarily tax themselves to support their own contrada and to invest in a good horse and jockey for the biannual race. Jockey salaries for a single race often exceed 250,000 euros! This is, however,37 a small price to pay to achieve victory at Il Palio. Seeing the colors and arms of their contrada in the winner's circle is the most glorious event-even more so than getting married for38 many Sienese citizens. Old men weep openly out of sheer joy, and elated adults and children parade. Throughout39 the city with their newly won silk banner, also called the palio.


The brief race is a spectacular culmination of an entire way of life in Siena. Every citizen belongs to one of seventeen city districts, collectively known as the Contrade.40 Contrada is the term for a single district that has its own color and arms, such as the Aquila (the eagle) or Bruco (the caterpillar). A contrada is the source of so much local patriotism that every important event; from41 baptisms to food festivals, is celebrated only within one's own contrada and fellow members, who42 become more like family.


After the actual race day, the Palio festivities continue for a minimum of two weeks. Thousands of visitors from around the world travel to Siena during the summer; not43 only to witness the exciting race but also to attend the after-parties were thrown44 by the locals. While the Palio is not as important to outsiders who do not live in Siena as it is to the Sienese, the race and the festivities that follow are a spectacular experience.

31. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would be LEAST acceptable?

A. Although
B. While
C. Though
D. When

32. Which of the following true statements, if inserted here, would best connect the first part of Paragraph 1 with the last part while illustrating the main idea of this paragraph?

F. Like most Italian cities, Siena is very serious about soccer, a modern sport codified in England in the 1800s.
G. Cobblestone streets and Gothic architecture are blended with modern sidewalk cafes and trendy designer stores.
H. The city of Siena is certainly a mixture of ancient and contemporary practices.
J. Siena is a major cultural center that offers numerous examples of art and architecture by Renaissance masters.


B. a biannual race that is held two times a year,
C. a horse race that is held twice a year,
D. a biannual horse race, held

34. Assuming that a period will always be placed at the end of the sentence, the best placement for the underlined phrase would be:

F. where it is now.
G. after the words horses race (setting the phrase off with commas).
H. after the word laps (setting the phrase off with commas).
J. after the word plaza (setting the phrase off with commas).


B. will last
C. lasts
D. had lasted


G. Though this
H. In addition, they
J. They


B. moreover,
C. for instance,
D. therefore,


G. married-for
H. married, for
J. married; for


B. parade; throughout
C. parade throughout
D. parade throughout,


G. Contrade
H. Contrade,
J. Contrade yet


B. event, from
C. event: from
D. event-from


G. for whose
H. whose
J. whom


B. summer. Not
C. summer not
D. summer, not


G. thrown
H. were threw
J. threw

45. This question asks about the preceding passage as a whole.

For the sake of the logic and coherence of this essay, the best placement for Paragraph 3 would be:

A. where it is now.
B. before Paragraph 1.
C. before Paragraph 2.
D. before Paragraph 5.