ACT english practice test 46

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.

The Christmas Truce

image with the assassination of an Austrian nobleman in the summer of 1914, and by the end of that year all Europe was scarred by trenches full of soldiers and pits full of poison gas.

Tanks and warplanes image Old-fashioned commanders accustomed to valiant charges on horseback sent countless waves of young men to instant death in the face of another new invention, the machine gun. The Great War, or World War I as it would come to be called, imageimage But out of its horror came one of the most reassuring accounts of the essential goodness of the human spirit.

On Christmas Eve of 1914, near the town of image and English forces had fought to a standstill from their opposed trenches. Both sides had sent miners to dig tunnels toward the enemy imageimage each unit could hear the sounds of the image digging getting closer, and knew that the tunnels would soon meet and a firefight would erupt in the darkness at point-blank range.

At that moment, imageimage. Recognizing the melodies, the men in the other tunnel responded, singing along in their own language. The singing picked up above ground, where the armies lit candles visible to the enemy at the edges of their trenches. The fighting ceased, and slowly, some individuals even dared to cross No Man’s Land and meet enemy soldiers in the image food and drink from their respective homelands.

When word of the Christmas Truce got out, the high command on image and ordered the fighting to resume. When Christmas 1915 approached image, they took steps to ensure that such things would not happen, ordering artillery bombardments on Christmas Eve and Christmas Day to make No Man’s Land uncrossable. The commanders in the trenches had to follow orders, on pain of court martial.

But image had never specified coordinates for the mandatory bombardments, entrenched officers in several locations came up with the idea of ordering wildly inaccurate shelling, allowing gift-giving between enemy combatants once again. image in one location English and German soldiers even organized a soccer game in the middle of the battlefield.

By the time World War I ended in 1918, 16 million people had been killed in battle, three world powers had ceased to exist altogether, and nothing discernible had been accomplished. imageimageimage Just about the only good thing that came out of it was the story of a few young men who couldn’t image each other’s languages but still decided that they would rather play soccer than fight.


G. Since it started
H. Although it started
J. It started

47. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would be LEAST acceptable?

A. were first put into use.
B. were first discovered.
C. were used in combat for the first time.
D. first reared their ugly heads.

48. The writer wishes to finish this sentence with a phrase that emphasizes the human cost of the war. Which of the following true statements best achieves that goal?

G. was the first modern war, involving horrors beyond description.
H. led directly to the deadly Spanish Flu epidemic.
J. is the only major war where the inhuman weapon of mustard gas was used.


B. Ypres, Belgium, German
C. Ypres, Belgium German
D. Ypres, Belgium, and German

50. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would NOT be acceptable?

G. line, underground,
H. line; underground
J. line: underground


B. others
C. others’
D. other is

52. Given that all the choices are true, which one would be the best transition between the first and last parts of the paragrah?

G. you could have cut the tension with a knife.
H. soldiers from one side began singing Christmas carols.
J. no soldier in the tunnels had ever been more scared in his life.

53. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would NOT be acceptable?

A. middle. There, they exchanged
B. middle to exchange
C. middle they exchanged
D. middle, exchanging


G. both sides, they were furious
H. both sides furiously
J. both sides was furious

55. The best placement for the underlined portion would be:

A. were it is now.
B. after the word they.
C. after the word happen.
D. after the word bombardments.


G. when the generals
H. that the generals
J. the generals


B. In addition,
C. Meanwhile,
D. On the other hand,

58. If the writer were to delete the underlined sentence, the paragraph would primarily lose:

F. an example of how World War I shaped the major conflicts of the twentieth century.
G. the answer to a question posed at the beginning of the essay.
H. an example of pure speculation on the part of the writer.
J. some minor details unrelated to the main point.


B. understand nor comprehend
C. understandably comprehend
D. understand

60. Question below asks about the preceding passage as a whole.

Suppose the writer had intended to write a brief essay focusing on acts of protest within the armed forces during wars. Would this essay fulfill that goal?

F. Yes, because the Christmas Truce is the most famous battlefield protest of all time.
G. Yes, because the Christmas Truce was spontaneous in origin, rather than being planned in advance.
H. No, because it only discusses examples of soldiers acting in protest from one war.
J. No, because American troops had not yet entered World War I at the time of the Christmas Truce.