ACT english practice test 49

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.

The Medal on Her

The Congressional Medal of Honor is the United States’ highest military image for gallantry above and beyond the call of duty. Its recipients are image a buck private who wears the Medal of Honor will be saluted by a general. The decoration is presented personally by the president, but the requirements for winning involve such great personal danger that nearly half the time it is received posthumously. Since its inception in 1862, the Medal of Honor has been awarded to 3,448 image one of them was a woman.

Mary Edwards image on a farm in Oswego, New York, in 1832. The youngest of five daughters, image and throughout her life would occasionally be arrested for impersonating a man. After saving money from working as a schoolteacher, image through Syracuse Medical College, graduating in 1855 as the only woman in her class. She and her husband Albert opened a clinic, but image women doctors were an odd thing in those days, business was poor.

A fervent opponent of slavery, Mary offered her services as a battlefield surgeon to the Union Army when the Civil War broke out, but because of her gender was only allowed to practice as a nurse. She applied her skills at battles like First Bull Run, Fredericksburg, and image working as a surgeon when one was needed, despite her official status. imageimageimage In September 1863, Mary Walker was officially commissioned as the first female U.S. Army surgeon. After bravely crossing battle lines to tend to injured civilians, she was captured by Confederate forces in April 1864, charged with espionage, and held as a POW for four months. After the war, she image the Medal of Honor by both of the famous generals William T. Sherman and George Henry Thomas, and received it from President Andrew Johnson in November 1865.

Walker then image the cause of feminism, becoming an early leader in the struggle of American image two books on the subject. Sadly, she fell out of favor with other prominent feminists over differences of opinion on strategy, and was increasingly ignored. Mary’s story took an even sadder turn in 1917, when Congress revised the standards for the Medal of Honor, stipulating that it could only be won for actions taken in combat. The government ordered her to return her medal, but Mary refused, image it until her death in 1919. The United States finally granted women the right to vote just one year later. imageimageimage

The following paragraphs may or may not be in the most logical order. Each paragraph is numbered in brackets, and question 45 will ask you to choose where Paragraph 4 should most logically be placed.


G. decoration, and awarded
H. decoration, it is awarded
J. decoration. To be awarded


B. respecting which
C. respected, in which
D. so respected that

18. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would NOT be acceptable?

F. people, only
G. people; only
H. people: only
J. people. Only


B. Walker, born
C. Walker was born
D. Walker had been born

20. Given that all the choices are true, which one provides the most specific and relevant information?

G. she became accustomed to wearing male clothing from performing farmwork,
H. Mary had a rebellious streak,
J. Mary naturally felt as if she had something to prove,


B. putting herself
C. she put herself
D. DELETE the underlined portion.

22. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would NOT be acceptable?

F. as
G. since
H. although
J. seeing as how


B. Chickamauga, and occasionally
C. Chickamauga; occasionally
D. Chickamauga. Occasionally

24. Given that all the choices are true, which one would be the best transition between the first and last parts of the paragraph?

G. But as the war dragged on and the Army became more desperate, it also became less concerned with tradition.
H. Thankfully, Walker was not at Antietam, regarded by most historians as the most gruesome battle of the war.
J. At this time, it was still very much unclear whether the South’s attempt at secession would succeed.


B. received recommendation
C. had recommendation to
D. was recommended for

26. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would be LEAST acceptable?

F. threw her considerable energies into
G. portrayed herself as supporting
H. turned her attention to
J. adopted


B. women, for the right to vote and authoring
C. women for the right to vote, and authoring
D. women, for the right to vote, and authoring


G. continued wearing
H. continued to wear
J. continuing to wear

29. The writer would like to end the essay with a sentence that emphasizes Walker’s unique place in U.S. military history. Given that all the choices are true, which one best accomplishes the writer’s goal?

B. A 20-cent stamp was issued in Mary Edwards Walker’s honor in 1982.
C. The Whitman-Walker clinic in Washington, D.C., is named in honor of Mary Edwards Walker and the poet Walt Whitman.
D. Mary Edwards Walker’s Medal of Honor was officially restored by President Carter in 1977.

30. Question below asks about the preceding passage as a whole.

Suppose the writer’s goal had been to write a brief essay concerning the importance of Mary Edwards Walker, with an emphasis on her military significance. Would this essay accomplish that goal?

F. Yes, because it describes her major accomplishments, with a specific focus on the Medal of Honor.
G. Yes, because it begins by mentioning that she is the only woman ever to receive the Medal of Honor.
H. No, because it tells us virtually nothing about Mary Walker’s family life.
J. No, because it explicitly mentions that she never served in actual combat.