ACT english practice test 51

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.

The Pirate Queen

Legends of female pirate Anne Bonny image popular today. As piracy was a male-dominated

image story has fascinated generations of feminists and pirate enthusiasts alike. Everyone wants to believe that her deeds were as fabulous as our collective imagination makes them, but the truth is that, although we know Bonny existed and

spent some time on a pirate ship, image

The famous pirate queen is said to have been born

Anne Cormac, image around 1700 in Kinsale, in the south of Ireland. Supposedly disowned by her family as a teenager after stabbing another girl in the gut with a table knife, the

image is said then to have eloped to the Bahamas with a sailor named James Bonny, after

burning down her image estate in vengeance. But aside from the fact that she arrived in Nassau, Bahamas, as the wife of James Bonny, none of the

other image the identity of her family—can be verified, and may all just be romantic wishful thinking done after the fact.

It is known that, while living in Nassau, she became romantically involved with the pirate “Calico Jack” Rackham (there are records of her having been charged with adultery by Bonny) and sailed off with him on his ship, the Revenge. Their endeavors were

successful image, with the Revenge

taking several ships. imageimageimage She apparently participated in the fighting when there

image (less often than people imagine, as most ships overtaken by pirates surrendered immediately), but contrary to popular belief, she never captained her own ship or commanded her own crew.

The pirates of the Revenge were captured in port

by authorities in image while all but Bonny and the one other female in the crew, Mary Read, were drunk, forcing the two women to fight alone (likely another embellishment). Every pirate was hanged aside from Bonny and Read, who both claimed to be pregnant

and were image spared. Read subsequently died in prison of a fever, but there is no reliable record of what became of Anne Bonny. She may have been executed after delivering her baby—if she really was pregnant—or she may have convinced

the law image a prisoner on Rackham’s ship and been

released. imageimageimage We’ll probably never know any more about the story of Anne Bonny than we already do, but as with King Arthur, Robin Hood, or the many other larger-than-life figures whose legends have little basis in fact, this will surely not stop people from telling it.


G. is still
H. to still be
J. might still be

47. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would be LEAST acceptable?

A. occupation for people then, her
B. occupation, as well as a deadly one, her
C. occupation (to put it mildly), her
D. occupation, her

48. The writer wishes to finish this sentence with a phrase that emphasizes the lack of information about Anne Bonny. Which of the following true statements best achieves that goal?

G. fewer people spend time thinking about her than you may imagine.
H. accounts of her life rely heavily on speculation.
J. the number of books that have been written about her is anyone’s guess.

49. Which of the following best emphasizes the surprising nature of Anne’s supposed origins?

B. which is a very common name in Ireland,
C. her parents’ first and only girl,
D. neither a very large nor a very small baby,


G. redheaded beauty
H. redheaded, beautiful
J. beautiful and redheaded


B. familys
C. families
D. families’


G. information, including
H. information—including
J. information: including

53. The best placement for the underlined portion would be:

A. where it is now.
B. after the word were.
C. after the word Revenge.
D. after the word ships (and before the period).

54. Given that all the choices are true, which one would be the best transition between the first and last parts of the paragraph?

G. In those days, the richest ships tended not to be equipped with heavy gunnery.
H. Most pirate ships were democracies, and the captain was elected by the crew.
J. The idea that Anne disguised herself as a man before the crew is actually a myth.


B. a fight broke out
C. was fighting to be done
D. were any


G. 1720, supposedly
H. 1720; supposedly
J. 1720 although supposedly,


B. for this reason accordingly
C. because of this reason
D. therefore


G. if she were
H. once she was
J. that she had been

59. If the writer were to delete the underlined sentence, the paragraph would primarily lose:

A. hard evidence that Anne Bonny spent considerable time in America.
B. additional evidence of the many varied accounts concerning Anne Bonny.
C. a suggestion that the earlier account of her family in Ireland was true.
D. an argument that people prefer happy endings to depressing ones.

60. Question below asks about the preceding passage as a whole.

Suppose the writer had intended to write a brief essay about women who lead lives of crime. Would this essay fulfill that goal?

F. Yes, because it establishes that Bonny definitely broke the law numerous times.
G. Yes, because Anne Bonny is a role model for female thieves the world over.
H. No, because it focuses only on Anne Bonny, and not female criminals in general.
J. No, because it strongly suggests that Bonny was merely the sidekick of a male pirate.