ACT English Practice Test 79: African Dogs

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.

African Dogs

When I was preparing for my two-week vacation to southern Africa, I realized that the continent would be like nothing , never having left North America. I wanted to explore the as well as the savannah; it's always been my goal to have experiences while on vacation that most . Upon my arrival in Africa, the amiable people there welcomed me with open arms. Despite the warmth of these people, I discovered that our cultural differences were stunning and made for plenty of laughter and confusion. What's funny now, though, more than ever, is how ridiculous I must have seemed to the people of one village when I played with their dog. 19

When I walk the streets of my hometown now, I often find myself staring at all the dogs and dog owners on the sidewalk. The owner smiles and stares at the animal, excitedly in anticipation of the next stimulus along the path. love to believe their animal is smart, while people who've never owned a dog tend to believe the opposite. 22 Perhaps Americans enjoy dogs for just that sort of ignorant bliss. , dogs won't bark, bite, or use the sofa as a toilet, but they will provide years of unconditional affection and loyalty, plus the occasional lame-brained escapade at which human onlookers can laugh.

If a dog to live on the urban streets of southwest Africa, to deal with a than that of the American pooch. As I saw it, the relationship between a typical African and his dog is one of mutualism. 27 I say tangible because the African sees himself as the dominant creature not to be bothered by the nevertheless responsible for providing for it. Hence, attempts at behavior training are rare on African dogs. Instead, a villager seizes power with a chunk of scrap meat and a bowl of water. The dog soon learns to quit yapping and biting at the hand that feeds him. I'm not even sure such dogs get names. Their behavior becomes interestingly balanced, however, much to the surprise of the compassionate American dog lover. I believe that the secret to the villager's success after so little effort is providing for the dog's physical needs. the dog reveres the man. Perhaps tomorrow the dog will eat another's scraps. Soon, the animal becomes tame, well-mannered community property that keeps the rodent population down and the children company.


G. I'd ever seen
H. I'd ever saw
J. I'd seen ever


B. urban streets'
C. urbans streets
D. urban streets


G. tourist's fail finding
H. failing tourists find
J. tourists are failing to find

4. Which of the following sentences, if added here, would most effectively introduce the subject of the remainder of the essay?

A. Like my dog at home, their dog was a German Shepherd and Golden Retriever mix.
B. Apparently, the role of dogs in America is nothing like it is in the third world.
C. Their dog had never played fetch before, so I tried to teach it how to play.
D. Dog lovers like myself always stop and play with the dogs that they cross paths with.


G. and pants
H. which pants
J. who panted


B. Dog owner's
C. Dogs owner
D. Dog owners

7. The writer wants to add a quote here that would further exemplify what he believes are the attitudes of Americans who have never owned a pet. Which of the following would most effectively accomplish this?

F. Look John, your dog just fell asleep with his head on my leg.
G. John, I think your dog has fleas. He won't stop scratching and biting himself.
H. John, your dog is standing in front of the mirror and barking again.
J. Where did your dog go John? I can't find him anywhere.

8. Which of the choices would NOT be acceptable here?

A. With some training
B. After minimal training
C. If they are trained a little
D. With fewer training


G. happen
H. happening
J. happened


B. it soon learns
C. they soon learned
D. it soon was learning


G. reality that is differently stark
H. differently stark reality
J. different reality that is stark

12. In order to emphasize the visibility of the typical African's relationship with his dog, the author intends to add the word "tangible" to the preceding sentence. The word would most effectively serve the above-stated purpose if added:

A. before the word typical.
B. before the word African.
C. before the word dog.
D. before the word mutualism.


G. dog; but
H. dog, but
J. dog. But


B. It never occurs that the villager speaks to the animal.
C. By the villager, the animal is never spoken to.
D. The villager never speaks to the animal.


G. Without the man, the dog eats no meat, so
H. Without the man, the dog eats no meat, so,
J. Without the man the dog, eats no meat, so,