ACT English Practice Test 82: History of the Louvre

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.

The following paragraphs may or may not be in the most logical order. You may be asked questions about the logical order of the paragraphs, as well as where to place sentences logically within any given paragraph.

History of the Louvre


The Louvre, in Paris, France, is one of the largest museums in the world. It has almost 275,000 works of art, which are displayed in over 140 exhibition rooms. The Louvre contains some of the most famous works of art in the history of the the Mona Lisa by Leonardo DaVinci and the Venus de Milo by Michelangelo.


The Louvre is ordinarily celebrated for its vast collection of has a long and interesting history as a building. It was originally a fort built by King Phillip sometime around AD 1200. In the 1300s, it became a royal residence for Charles V, who had it renovated to accommodate his lavish he did have his own collection of art there, everything was dispersed when he died.


This majestic building remained empty until 1527, when Francois I decided he wanted it for his private residence. Francois I was a collector of early Italian Renaissance art at the time he moved into the Louvre, and already owned the However, he would not move into the Louvre until it was completely renovated and made even more during the reign of Charles V.


[1] Unfortunately, Francois I died before the work was completed, but continued until the death of the head architect. [2] After the passing of both the King and his architect, several generations of French royalty lived in the sprawling palace until Louis XIV, the last of the monarchs to call the Louvre home, left in 1682. [3]

[4] It was a hub of creativity and , until the public began to be admitted in 1749. [5] The Louvre, however, was far from abandoned. [6] For about 30 years after Louis XIV's death in 1715, the Louvre became the home of assorted artists and intellectuals. 71


72 Napoleon plundered art from all over the world and added it to the Louvre's collection. He also hired laborers to construct several wings to accommodate his ballooning collection. After Napoleon's demise, the original owners reclaimed much of the plundered artwork.


During the last 100 years, art academies have been established at the Louvre, and some of the artwork has been

specialized museums. Changes are continually being made to the remains a marvelous place to visit and the most glorious works of art of all time.


B. world, including
C. world; including
D. world: including


G. artwork it also
H. artwork but also it
J. artwork, but it also


B. taste, while
C. taste. Thus
D. taste, thus


G. which
H. than
J. that


B. Mona Lisa, paintings by Titian, and paintings by Raphael.
C. Mona Lisa, paintings by Titian, and Raphael.
D. Mona Lisa, Titian, and Raphael.

6. Which of these choices would be most consistent with the way the Louvre is portrayed in the essay, while reflecting the fact that it was being renovated for a king?

G. grandiose
H. unpretentious
J. monotonous


B. than it had been
C. then it would have been
D. then it will be


G. he
H. it had
J. the work


B. From about 200 paintings in 1643 to about 2,500 works of art in 1715 grew its art collection.
C. Its art collection grew from about 200 paintings in 1643 to about 2,500 works of art in 1715.
D. Starting in 1643, its art collection grew from about 200 paintings to about 2,500 works of art over the course of 72 years.


G. elitists
H. elitism
J. elite

11. Which of the following sentence sequences will make Paragraph 4 most logical?

B. 1, 2, 5, 6, 3, 4
C. 1, 2, 4, 5, 3, 6
D. 2, 1, 6, 3, 5, 4

12. Which of the following would best introduce the information in the paragraph that follows?

F. Throughout the French Revolution and the years dominated by Napoleon, the art collection in the Louvre grew immensely.
G. In 1799, Napoleon Bonaparte staged a coup, which installed the French Consulate, successfully setting the stage for his dictatorship.
H. Many leaders of France during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries had a vested interest in the Louvre, and therefore made sure to contribute to its collection.
J. In 1805, Napoleon constructed the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel at the entrance of the Louvre to commemorate his victories and provide an entrance to the palatial gardens.


B. moved to
C. moved where
D. moved for

14. Which of the following choices would NOT be acceptable?

G. Louvre; even so, it
H. Louvre, yet it
J. Louvre. While it


B. view of some of
C. view some of
D. DELETE the underlined portion.