ACT English Practice Test 92: Coffee in the Shade

DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.

Coffee in the Shade

Who would have thought that there was any connection between a cup of coffee and a bird, butterfly, or even a bat? Such seems to be the case, methods for cultivating coffee plants have gradually changed over the past 30 to 40 years. Coffee plants were first discovered growing hundreds of years ago. The plants grew under a wide canopy of forests, which protected the coffee plants' tender leaves from the burning sun. As coffee was introduced to growers would naturally attempt to simulate the plants' preferred natural habitat. coffee plantations all over the world could be found growing successfully in the shade of tall trees. These trees provided more than shade for were also home and protection for many species of birds, reptiles, insects, and other plants.

Over the past several decades, a new kind of coffee plant, one which in open sunlight. Sun-grown coffee produced as much as three times the yield of shade-grown coffee in the same time and space.

the high demand for coffee throughout the world makes the sun-grown method of coffee production appear to be the best method.

[1] It has been discovered, however, that there are some unanticipated consequences to using this newer method of growing coffee. [2] First, which can wash away the soil's nutrients and minerals.

[3] Ornithologists alarming decreases in some species of songbirds that migrate to the northern United States. [4] This necessitates an increased use of fertilizers and additives, which is labor-intensive and liable to create health risks. [5] Second, forests are taken down to make way for sun-grown coffee plants, native and migratory no longer have a home. [6] This is threatening many species, and the effect is now being examined and recorded. [7] Finally, more pesticides and insecticides are used in the sun-grown method, all of which take their toll on both the environment and the long-term health of the coffee plants themselves. 74

Today, shade-grown coffee is more difficult to find and thus more costly. Sitting out on the patio with a morning cup of coffee may soon be a much quieter experience in some locations due to the decimation of certain local songbird species. the connection between coffee production and the environment, perhaps they will be willing to pay the higher prices, encouraging growers to return to the more natural method of producing this world-wide staple.


B. however; as
C. however. As
D. however as,


G. naturally in Africa
H. naturally; in Africa,
J. naturally: in Africa


B. other countries
C. other countries'
D. other countries,


G. Despite this,
H. As a result,
J. Even more so,


B. coffee plants; they
C. coffee plants, they
D. coffee plants that they


G. growers, by developing
H. growers developed
J. by growers was developed

7. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would NOT be acceptable?

A. tolerates the sun and even thrives
B. is able to tolerate the sun and thrive
C. is not only tolerant of the sun, however, thrives
D. does not merely tolerate the sun but thrives


G. amounting to
H. amount for
J. amount of


B. Since
C. However,
D. Furthermore,

10. Given that all the choices are true, which one would add the most effective visual detail to the description provided in the second part of this sentence?

G. the lack of tree cover leaves the land open to pounding rainfall,
H. the land is vulnerable to rain,
J. rain often falls,


B. who discovered
C. are discovering
D. discovered

12. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would NOT be acceptable?

F. when
G. since
H. because
J. whereby


B. birds as well as many other fauna and flora
C. birds, as well as many other fauna, and flora
D. birds, as well as many other fauna, and flora,

14. For the sake of the logic and coherence of this paragraph, Sentence 3 should be placed:

F. where it is now.
G. before Sentence 2.
H. before Sentence 5.
J. before Sentence 7.


B. As more and more people together recognize
C. As more people as one group recognize
D. As lots more people who think recognize